Language - Yoruba language

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Yoruba language

Yoruba (Yor. Èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa. The number of speakers of Yoruba is approaching 30 million. It is a pluricentric language spoken principally in Benin and Nigeria, with communities in Sierra Leone, Liberia, other parts of Africa, the Americas, and Europe. The non-vernacular remains of the language, Lucumi, is the liturgical language of the Santería religion of the Caribbean. Many Yoruba words are used in the Afro-Brazilian religion known as Candomblé. Yoruba is also used in many other Afro-American religions in the Americas and the Caribbean. Yoruba is most closely related to the Itsekiri language (spoken in the Niger Delta) and to Igala (spoken in central Nigeria).

Yoruba is classified among the Edekiri languages, which together with Itsekiri and the isolate Igala form the Yoruboid group of languages within the Volta–Niger branch of the Niger–Congo family. The linguistic unity of the Niger–Congo family dates to deep prehistory, estimates ranging around 15,000 years ago (the end of the Upper Paleolithic). In present-day Nigeria, it is estimated that there are over 40 million Yoruba primary and secondary language speakers as well as several other millions of speakers outside Nigeria, making it the most widely spoken African language outside Africa.



The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.

Nigeria has been home to a number of ancient and indigenous kingdoms and states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.


Yoruba language (English)  Lingua yoruba (Italiano)  Yoruba (Nederlands)  Yoruba (Français)  Yoruba (Deutsch)  Língua iorubá (Português)  Йоруба (Русский)  Idioma yoruba (Español)  Język joruba (Polski)  约鲁巴语 (中文)  Yoruba (Svenska)  Limba yoruba (Română)  ヨルバ語 (日本語)  Йоруба (Українська)  요루바어 (한국어)  Joruban kieli (Suomi)  Bahasa Yoruba (Bahasa Indonesia)  Jorubų kalba (Lietuvių)  Jorubština (Česky)  Yorubaca (Türkçe)  Јоруба језик (Српски / Srpski)  Joruba keel (Eesti)  Jorubu valoda (Latviešu)  Γλώσσα Γιορούμπα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Yoruba (Tiếng Việt)