National flag - Flag of Sri Lanka

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Flag of Sri Lanka

The flag of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ ජාතික කොඩිය; இலங்கையின் தேசியக்கொடி, Kannada: ಶ್ರೀಲಂಕದ ಬಾವುಟ) also called the Lion Flag or Sinha Flag, consists of a gold lion holding a kastane sword in its right fore-paw in a maroon background with four gold bo leaves in each corner. This is bordered by gold, and to its left are two vertical stripes of equal size in green and orange, with the orange stripe closest to the lion. The lion and the maroon background represent the Sinhalese, while the saffron border and four Bo leaves represent Buddhism and the four Buddhist concepts of Mettā, Karuṇā, Muditā and Upeskhā respectively. The stripes represent the two main minorities: the orange representing the Sri Lankan Tamils and the green representing Muslims.

It was adopted in 1950 following the recommendations of a committee appointed by the 1st Prime Minister of Ceylon, D.S. Senanayake.

The symbol of a lion in Sri Lankan heraldry dates back to 486 BC, when Vijaya, the first King of Sri Lanka, arrived on the island from India and brought with him a standard depicting a lion. . The symbol appears to have influenced subsequent monarchs, being used extensively by them and becoming a symbol of freedom and hope: King Dutugemunu embarked on his campaign against Ellalan- an invading South Indian ruler- in 162 BC bearing a banner depicting a lion carrying a sword in its right forepaw, a symbol of the Sun and one of the Moon.

This basic design continued to be in use until 1815, when the Kandyan Convention ended the reign of the country's last native monarch, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha, replacing her royal standard (used as the Flag of the Kingdom of Kandy) with the Union Flag as the nation's accepted flag. The government of British Ceylon later established its own flag, while Sri Vikrama Rajasinha's standard was taken to England and kept at the Royal Hospital Chelsea.

As the independence movement in Sri Lanka gained strength in the early 20th century, E. W. Perera and D. R. Wijewardena discovered the original Lioness Flag in Chelsea. A photo of it was published in Dinamina, in a special edition marking a century since the loss of self-rule and Sri Lankan independence. The flag provoked much interest from the public who, for the first time since the fall of the Kandyan Kingdom, had seen its actual design.

Member of Parliament for Batticaloa, Mudaliyar A. Sinnalebbe, suggested in Parliament on January 16, 1948 that the Lion Flag should be accepted as the national flag. In 1948, the flag was adopted as the national flag of the Dominion of Ceylon, undergoing two changes: one in 1953 and a redesign in 1972. A notable feature of 1972's adaptation of the Kandyan standard was the replacement of the four spearheads at the flag's corners by four bo leaves, a design choice made under the direction of Nissanka Wijeyeratne, Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Cultural Affairs and Chairman of the National Emblem and Flag Design Committee.

The national flag of Sri Lanka represents the country and its heritage as a rallying device. Most symbols in the flag have been given distinctive meanings.

* List of Sri Lankan flags

* Emblem of Sri Lanka

* Flag of Veneto
National flag 
Flag of Sri Lanka

Country - Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (, ; ශ්‍රී ලංකා '; இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka''', is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is historically and culturally intertwined with the Indian subcontinent, but is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.

Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. It has a rich cultural heritage and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BC. Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to the modern Maritime Silk Road.

Language

Flag of Sri Lanka (English)  Bandiera dello Sri Lanka (Italiano)  Vlag van Sri Lanka (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Sri Lanka (Français)  Flagge Sri Lankas (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Sri Lanka (Português)  Флаг Шри-Ланки (Русский)  Bandera de Sri Lanka (Español)  Flaga Sri Lanki (Polski)  斯里兰卡国旗 (中文)  Sri Lankas flagga (Svenska)  スリランカの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Шрі-Ланки (Українська)  Национално знаме на Шри Ланка (Български)  스리랑카의 국기 (한국어)  Sri Lankan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Sri Lanka (Bahasa Indonesia)  Šri Lankos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Sri Lankas flag (Dansk)  Vlajka Srí Lanky (Česky)  Sri Lanka bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Шри Ланке (Српски / Srpski)  Sri Lanka lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Srí Lanky (Slovenčina)  Srí Lanka zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Šri Lanke (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติศรีลังกา (ไทย)  Σημαία της Σρι Λάνκα (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Sri Lanka (Tiếng Việt) 
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