National flag - Flag of Benin

National flag  >  Flag of Benin

Flag of Benin

The national flag of Benin is a flag consisting of two horizontal yellow and red bands on the fly side and a green vertical band at the hoist. Adopted in 1959 to replace the French Tricolour, it was the flag of the Republic of Dahomey until 1975, when the People's Republic of Benin was established. The new regime renamed the country and changed the flag to a green field with a red star in the canton. This version was utilized until the regime collapsed in 1990, coinciding with the Revolutions of 1989. The new government promptly restored the original pre-1975 flag.

Under French colonial rule over Dahomey, French authorities forbade the colony from having its own regional flag. This was because they were worried that this could increase nationalistic sentiment and lead to calls for independence. However, with the rise of the decolonization movement in Africa, the French were obliged to grant limited autonomy to Dahomey as a self-governing republic within the French Community. This was granted on December 4, 1958, and a search for a national flag began soon after.

The new flag was chosen on November 16, 1959, and remained unchanged when Dahomey became independent less than a year later on August 1, 1960. In 1972, a coup d'état took place in the country, with the new government aligning itself with Marxist–Leninist ideals. In order to symbolize the revolutionary change, the regime renamed the country to Benin and instituted a new flag three years later. This featured a green field charged with a five-pointed red star in the top-left canton. However, the regime's flag was never adopted by law, making it only the de facto flag of Benin.

The green flag remained in place until 1990, when economic problems and the weakening of the Soviet Union's power due to the Revolutions of 1989 culminated in the collapse of the People's Republic of Benin. The socialist regime was replaced and the original flag from 1959 was reinstated on August 1, 1990.

The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. As stated in the national anthem, the green of the flag represent the hope of a new democracy. The red represents the courage of the ancestors, and the yellow is for the treasures of the nation. On a continental level, the yellow, green and red represented the Pan-Africanist movement; the three colours were utilized by the African Democratic Rally, a political party representing the interests of French West Africa in the National Assembly of France at the time of decolonization. Furthermore, the colours are the same as the ones utilized in the flag of Ethiopia. This honours the oldest independent country in Africa and the only nation other than Liberia to remain independent during the Scramble for Africa.

National flag 
Flag of Benin

Country - Benin

Benin (, ; Bénin ), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north. The majority of its population lives on the small southern coastline of the Bight of Benin, part of the Gulf of Guinea in the northernmost tropical portion of the Atlantic Ocean. The capital of Benin is Porto-Novo, but the seat of government is in Cotonou, the country's largest city and economic capital. Benin covers an area of 114,763 km2 and its population in was estimated to be approximately million. Benin is a tropical nation, highly dependent on agriculture. Benin is a big exporter of cotton and palm oil. The substantial employment and income arise from subsistence farming.

The official language of Benin is French. However, indigenous languages such as Fon and Yoruba are commonly spoken. The largest religious group in Benin is Roman Catholicism, followed closely by Islam, Vodun and Protestantism. Benin is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, La Francophonie, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Petroleum Producers Association and the Niger Basin Authority.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Burkina Faso 
  •  Niger 
  •  Nigeria 
  •  Togo 


Flag of Benin (English)  Bandiera del Benin (Italiano)  Vlag van Benin (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Bénin (Français)  Flagge Benins (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Benim (Português)  Флаг Бенина (Русский)  Bandera de Benín (Español)  Flaga Beninu (Polski)  贝宁国旗 (中文)  Benins flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Beninului (Română)  ベナンの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Беніну (Українська)  Национално знаме на Бенин (Български)  베냉의 국기 (한국어)  Beninin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Benin (Bahasa Indonesia)  Benino vėliava (Lietuvių)  Benins flag (Dansk)  Beninská vlajka (Česky)  Benin bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Бенина (Српски / Srpski)  Benini lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Beninu (Slovenčina)  Benin zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Benina (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติเบนิน (ไทย)  Beninas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία του Μπενίν (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Bénin (Tiếng Việt)