National flag - Flag of Jamaica

National flag  >  Flag of Jamaica

Flag of Jamaica

The flag of Jamaica was adopted on 6 August 1962, the original Jamaican Independence Day, the country having gained independence from the British-protected Federation of the West Indies. The flag consists of a gold saltire, which divides the flag into four sections: two of them green (top and bottom) and two black (hoist and fly). It is the only current national flag in the world that does not feature any of the colours red, white, or blue.

The present design emerged from those sent in by the public in a national competition. It was originally designed with horizontal stripes, but this was considered too similar to the flag of Tanganyika (as it was in 1962, only the yellow stripes are thinner), and so the saltire was substituted.

An earlier interpretation of the colours was, "hardships there are but the land is green and the sun shineth" as stated in the government Ministry Paper 28 - National Flag dated 22 May 1962. Gold recalls the shining sun, black reflects hardships, and green represents the land. It was changed in 1996 to black representing the strength and creativity of the people which has allowed them to overcome the odds, gold for the wealth of the country and the golden sunshine, and green for the lush vegetation of the island. The change was made on the recommendation of The Committee to Examine National Symbols and National Observances appointed by the then Prime Minister the Hon P. J. Patterson and chaired by the Hon. Prof. Milton "Rex" Nettleford. The flag is blazoned: Per saltire vert and sable, a saltire Or.

Standard etiquette applies in Jamaica to use of the national flag, primarily ensuring it is always the primary flag flown and is in good condition. The National Flag Code (a set of rules that owners of a flag should follow) was instituted by the government.

Jamaica's state ensign is a Blue Ensign with the Jamaican national flag in the canton; it is normally only used by the Jamaican Government. Jamaica's naval ensign is a White Ensign with a Saint George's Cross and the Jamaican national flag in the canton, although due to the island's lack of a navy, it is normally only used by the Jamaican Coast Guard. It mimics the naval ensigns of other Commonwealth countries such as Bahamas, Barbados, and Trinidad and Tobago.

* List of Jamaican flags

* Jamaica coalition (politics)

National flag 
Flag of Jamaica

Country - Jamaica

Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 sqkm in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 km south of Cuba, and 191 km west of Hispaniola (the island containing the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic).

Previously inhabited by the indigenous Arawak and Taíno peoples, the island came under Spanish rule following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1494. Many of the indigenous people died of disease, and the Spanish transplanted African slaves to Jamaica as labourers. The island remained a possession of Spain until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it and renamed it Jamaica. Under British colonial rule Jamaica became a leading sugar exporter, with its plantation economy highly dependent on African slaves. The British fully emancipated all slaves in 1838, and many freedmen chose to have subsistence farms rather than to work on plantations. Beginning in the 1840s, the British utilized Chinese and Indian indentured labour to work on plantations. The island achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962.

Language

Flag of Jamaica (English)  Bandiera della Giamaica (Italiano)  Vlag van Jamaica (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Jamaïque (Français)  Flagge Jamaikas (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Jamaica (Português)  Флаг Ямайки (Русский)  Bandera de Jamaica (Español)  Flaga Jamajki (Polski)  牙買加國旗 (中文)  Jamaicas flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Jamaicăi (Română)  ジャマイカの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Ямайки (Українська)  Национално знаме на Ямайка (Български)  자메이카의 국기 (한국어)  Jamaikan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Jamaika (Bahasa Indonesia)  Jamaikos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Jamaicas flag (Dansk)  Jamajská vlajka (Česky)  Jamaika bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Јамајке (Српски / Srpski)  Jamaica lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Jamajky (Slovenčina)  Jamaica zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Jamajke (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติจาเมกา (ไทย)  Jamaikas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Τζαμάικα (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Jamaica (Tiếng Việt) 
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