Tunisia ( or ; ' ; ; ), officially the Tunisian Republic (though often referred to in English as the Republic of Tunisia; '; ; ); is the northernmost country in Africa and, at almost in area, the smallest country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. As of 2013, its population is estimated at just under 10.8 million. and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization.
In 2011, a revolution resulted in the overthrow of the autocratic President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali followed by the country's first free elections. Since then, Tunisia has been consolidating democracy.