Map - New Brunswick

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New Brunswick

New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick, ) is one of four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada. According to the Constitution of Canada, New Brunswick is the only bilingual province. About two-thirds of the population declare themselves anglophones, and one third francophones. One-third of the population describes themselves as bilingual. Atypically for Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas, mostly in Greater Moncton, Greater Saint John and the capital Fredericton.

Unlike the other Maritime provinces, New Brunswick's terrain is mostly forested uplands, with much of the land further from the coast, giving it a harsher climate. New Brunswick is 83% forested and less densely-populated than the rest of the Maritimes.

Being relatively close to Europe, New Brunswick was among the first places in North America to be explored and settled by Europeans, starting with the French in the early 1600s, who displaced the indigenous Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, and the Passamaquoddy peoples. The French settlers were later displaced when the area became part of the British Empire. In 1784, after an influx of refugees from the American Revolutionary War, the province was partitioned from Nova Scotia. In 1785 Saint John became Canada's first incorporated city. The province prospered in the early 1800s and the population grew rapidly, reaching about a quarter of a million by mid-century. In 1867, New Brunswick was one of four founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation, along with Nova Scotia and the Province of Canada (now Ontario and Quebec).

After Confederation, wooden shipbuilding and lumbering declined, while protectionism disrupted trade ties with New England. The mid-1900s found New Brunswick to be one of the poorest regions of Canada, now mitigated by Canadian transfer payments and improved support for rural areas. As of 2002, provincial gross domestic product was derived as follows: services (about half being government services and public administration) 43%; construction, manufacturing, and utilities 24%; real estate rental 12%; wholesale and retail 11%; agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting, mining, oil and gas extraction 5%; transportation and warehousing 5%.

Tourism accounts for about 9% of the labour force directly or indirectly. Popular destinations include Fundy National Park and the Hopewell Rocks, Kouchibouguac National Park, and Roosevelt Campobello International Park. In 2013, 64 cruise ships called at Port of Saint John carrying on average 2600 passengers each.

 

Map - New Brunswick

Latitude / Longitude : 46° 30' 0" N / 65° 59' 56" W | Time zone : UTC-4:0 / UTC-3 | Currency : CAD | Telephone : 1  

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Photograph

New Brunswick-Visual arts-Owens Art Gallery, Mount A
Visual arts
Owens Art Gallery, Mount A
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Arts
Extérieur Théâtre Capitol Moncton
New Brunswick-Government-New Brunswick Legislative Assembly January 2011
Government
New Brunswick Legislative Assembly January 2011
New Brunswick-Education-UNB Old Arts Building
Education
UNB Old Arts Building
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Primary sector
PulpAndPaperMill
New Brunswick-Economy-Oil refinery 004
Economy
Oil refinery 004
New Brunswick-Ethnicity and language-Bienvenue au Nouveau-Brunswick
Ethnicity and language
Bienvenue au Nouveau-Brunswick
New Brunswick-Topography-027 NB BigNictauLake DSC 1468
Topography
027 NB BigNictauLake DSC 1468
New Brunswick-Geology-Sandstone in Canada - IMG 0791 (11385934064)
Geology
Sandstone in Canada - IMG 0791 (11385934064)
New Brunswick-Flora and fauna-Furbish lousewort (37037460636)
Flora and fauna
Furbish lousewort (37037460636)
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Geography
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New Brunswick-Modern New Brunswick-Alexander Henderson, Intercolonial Railway bridge at Sackville, NB, 1875
Modern New Brunswick
Alexander Henderson, Intercolonial Railway bridge at Sackville, NB, 1875
New Brunswick-British colony-Henry Sandham - The Coming of the Loyalists
British colony
Henry Sandham - The Coming of the Loyalists
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Country - Canada

Flag of Canada
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 e6km2, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.
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