Map - National Museum of Beirut

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National Museum of Beirut

The National Museum of Beirut (متحف بيروت الوطنيّ, Matḥaf Bayrūt al-waṭanī) is the principal museum of archaeology in Lebanon. The collection was begun after World War I, and the museum was officially opened in 1942. The museum has collections totaling about 100,000 objects, most of which are antiquities and medieval finds from excavations undertaken by the Directorate General of Antiquities. About 1300 artifacts are exhibited, ranging in date from prehistoric times to the medieval Mamluk period.

During the 1975 Lebanese Civil War, the museum stood on the front line that separated the warring factions. The museum's Egyptian Revival building and its collection suffered extensive damage in the war, but most of the artifacts were saved by last-minute preemptive measures.

Today, after a major renovation, the National Museum of Beirut has regained its former position, especially as a leading collector for ancient Phoenician objects.

 

Map - National Museum of Beirut

Latitude / Longitude : 33° 52' 43" N / 35° 30' 54" E | Time zone : UTC+2:0 / UTC+3 | Currency : LBP | Telephone : 961  

Photograph

National Museum of Beirut-Origin-Kaiserswerth deaconesses building - 19th century Beirut
Origin
Kaiserswerth deaconesses building - 19th century Beirut
National Museum of Beirut-Foundation-Beirut Museum
Foundation
Beirut Museum
National Museum of Beirut-Closing and devastation-Gilded Bronze statuette
Closing and devastation
Gilded Bronze statuette
National Museum of Beirut-Closing and devastation-Phoenician ship
Closing and devastation
Phoenician ship
National Museum of Beirut-Closing and devastation-NMBStelaPhoenicianNecropolis
Closing and devastation
NMBStelaPhoenicianNecropolis
National Museum of Beirut-Reopening and renovation-Ahiram sarcophag from Biblos XIII-XBC
Reopening and renovation
Ahiram sarcophag from Biblos XIII-XBC
National Museum of Beirut-Basement reopening-BeirutNationalMuseumHead
Basement reopening
BeirutNationalMuseumHead
National Museum of Beirut-Architecture-National Museum of Beirut 2009 interior
Architecture
National Museum of Beirut 2009 interior
National Museum of Beirut-Collections-NMBFlintPointByblos
Collections
NMBFlintPointByblos
National Museum of Beirut-Bronze age-Ahiram
Bronze age
Ahiram
National Museum of Beirut-Bronze age-Phoenician statuettes
Bronze age
Phoenician statuettes
National Museum of Beirut-Hellenistic period-NMBSarcophagusLegendAchilleus
Hellenistic period
NMBSarcophagusLegendAchilleus
National Museum of Beirut-Hellenistic period-NMBPhoenicianSunDial
Hellenistic period
NMBPhoenicianSunDial
National Museum of Beirut-Hellenistic period-NMBSevenSagesMosaicBaalbekRectified
Hellenistic period
NMBSevenSagesMosaicBaalbekRectified
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
National Museum of Beirut
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Country - Lebanon

Flag of Lebanon
Lebanon (لبنان ; Lebanese pronunciation: ; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese Republic (الجمهورية اللبنانية ; Lebanese pronunciation: ; République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km 2 (4,036 sq. mi.), it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Canaanites/Phoenicians and their kingdoms, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. 1550–539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze, established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, generating a religious divide that has lasted for centuries. During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome. The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.
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