Map - Al Qadarif (state) (Al Qadarif State)

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Al Qadarif (Al Qadarif State)

Al Qadarif (القضارف ), also spelt Gadaref or Gadarif, is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan. It has an area of 75,263 km² and an estimated population of approximately 1,400,000 (2000). Al Qadarif is the capital of the state; other towns include Doka and Gallabat.

Inhabiting Gedaref State of ethnic groups inside Sudan representing different tribes, and other related assets from outside Sudan, Eritreans and Ethiopians and Yemenis, Somalis, Chadian and Egyptian Copts, Armenians, Kurds and others. This diverse social structure have been formed because of the migrations that occurred during the period of Turkish rule and the Mahdist revolution and as a result of the evolution of the mechanism which caused the state's agriculture. These groups have merged and coexisted in a multicultural society. The state is natural geographical area on the slopes of the Ethiopian plateau and descend towards the rivers, valleys and creeks loaded with water as well as enjoying the state with land of clay soil fertile and interspersed with some hills. The distinction can be made between the three geomorphic regions: High land in the south east of the state on the Sudan-Ethiopia border, as well as some mountains and hills isolated chains. Plains is characterized by mud-flat lands and simple regression, and form appearance Altobgrave mostly in the state. And valleys area dominated by land-sedimentary about seasonal rivers (the Atbara River, State, Rahad and the Islam)


Map - Al Qadarif (Al Qadarif State)

Latitude / Longitude : 14° 3' 0" N / 35° 21' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+3 | Currency : SDG | Telephone : 249  


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Country - Sudan

Flag of Sudan
Sudan or the Sudan (, ; السودان as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. It houses 37 million people (2017) and occupies a total area of 1,861,484 square kilometres (718,722 square miles), making it the third-largest country in Africa. Sudan's predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and English. The capital is Khartoum, located at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. Since 2011, Sudan is the scene of ongoing military conflict in its regions South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

Sudan's history goes back to the Pharaonic period, witnessing the kingdom of Kerma (c. undefined 2500 BC–1500 BC), the subsequent rule of the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. undefined 1500 BC–1070 BC) and the rise of the kingdom of Kush (c. undefined 785 BC–350 AD), which would in turn control Egypt itself for nearly a century. After the fall of Kush the Nubians formed the three Christian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia, with the latter two lasting until around 1500. Between the 14th and 15th centuries much of Sudan was settled by Muslim (But not all Sudanese are considered Arabs). From the 16th–19th centuries, central and eastern Sudan were dominated by the Funj sultanate, while Darfur ruled the west and the Ottomans the far north. This period saw extensive Islamization.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
SDG Sudanese pound جس. 2
ISO Language
AR Arabic language
EN English language
Neighbourhood - Country  
  •  Central African Republic 
  •  Chad 
  •  Eritrea 
  •  Ethiopia 
  •  Libya 
  •  South Sudan 
  •  United Arab Republic 

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