National flag - Flag of Vatican City

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Flag of Vatican City

The flag of Vatican City was adopted on June 7, 1929, the year Pope Pius XI signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, creating a new independent state governed by the Holy See. The Vatican flag is modeled on the flag of the earlier Papal States. The Vatican (and the Holy See) also refer to it, interchangeably, as flag of the Holy See.

The flag consists of two vertical bands, one of gold or yellow (hoist side) and one of white with the crossed keys of Saint Peter and the Papal Tiara centered in the white band. The crossed keys consist of a golden and a silver key, in which the silver key is placed in the dexter position. It is one of only two square sovereign-state flags, the other being the flag of Switzerland.

The Vatican City coat of arms is present in the white half. The coat of arms consists of:

* the papal tiara (as used under the pontificate of Pius XI);

* the two keys which represent the Keys of Heaven (according to the Gospel of Matthew 16:19) given by Jesus Christ to St Peter. The popes are regarded as the successor of Peter, and the gold and silver keys have been significant elements in the symbolism of the Holy See since the 13th century. The gold represents spiritual power, while the silver key represents worldly power. The order of the keys on the coat of arms of Vatican City is the reverse of the coat of arms of the Holy See, in order to distinguish between the two entities.

* a red cord connecting the keys.

The yellow and white of the flag also refer to the keys – in heraldic terminology, there is no distinction between yellow and gold (the metallic color or), nor between white and silver (argent). The Argent color has also been reported in relation with the white mountains of Lebanon and of the biblical city of Miye ou Miye according to the Lebanese Historian Anis Freiha.

The flag is flown or displayed worldwide in some Roman Catholic churches and institutions, sometimes alongside the national flag of where the church or institution is located.

The Papal States traditionally used a yellow and red cockade, the traditional colors of the Roman Senate and the Roman people. However, these colors were not used on flags. In 1808 Pope Pius VII ordered the Vatican's Noble Guard and other troops to replace red color with white, in order to distinguish them from the troops that had been incorporated into Napoleon's army.

In 1803 the Papal States started using a white merchant flag with the Papal coat of arms in the centre. This flag was made official on 7 June 1815. On 17 September 1825 it was replaced with a yellow and white flag which took its colours from the materials of the key (yellow for gold, white for silver). These colors were probably taken from the 1808 flag of the palatine guard. This was the first bicolor used by the Papal States and the ancestor of the modern flag of Vatican City. The merchant flag also served as a state flag on land.
National flag 
Flag of Vatican City

Country - Vatican City

Vatican City, officially Vatican City State (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it is distinct from yet under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See (Sancta Sedes). With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population.

The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the pope who is, religiously speaking, the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Italy 


Flag of Vatican City (English)  Bandiera della Città del Vaticano (Italiano)  Vlag van Vaticaanstad (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Vatican (Français)  Flagge der Vatikanstadt (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Vaticano (Português)  Флаг Ватикана (Русский)  Bandera de la Ciudad del Vaticano (Español)  Flaga Watykanu (Polski)  梵蒂冈国旗 (中文)  Vatikanstatens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Vaticanului (Română)  バチカンの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Ватикану (Українська)  Национално знаме на Ватикана (Български)  바티칸 시국의 국기 (한국어)  Vatikaanivaltion lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Vatikan (Bahasa Indonesia)  Vatikano vėliava (Lietuvių)  Vatikanstatens flag (Dansk)  Vatikánská vlajka (Česky)  Vatikan bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Ватикана (Српски / Srpski)  Vatikani lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Vatikánu (Slovenčina)  A Vatikán zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Vatikana (Hrvatski)  ธงชาตินครรัฐวาติกัน (ไทย)  Σημαία του Βατικανού (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Thành Vatican (Tiếng Việt)