National flag - Flag of Belarus

National flag  >  Flag of Belarus

Flag of Belarus

The national flag of Belarus (Сцяг Беларусі, Sciah Biełarusi; Флаг Белоруссии, Flag Belorussii) is a red and green flag with a white and red ornament pattern placed at the staff (hoist) end. The current design was introduced in 2012 by the State Committee for Standardization of the Republic of Belarus, and is adapted from a design approved in a referendum in May 1995. It is a modification of the 1951 flag used while the country was a republic of the Soviet Union. Changes made to the Soviet-era flag were the removal of symbols of communism (the hammer and sickle and the red star) and the reversal of the colors of the ornament pattern, from white-on-red to red-on-white. Since the 1995 referendum, several flags used by Belarusian government officials and agencies have been modeled on this national flag.

This design replaced the historical white-red-white flag used by the Belarusian People's Republic of 1918, before Belarus became a Soviet Republic, and again after it regained its independence in 1991. Opposition groups have continued to use this flag, though its display in Belarus has been restricted by the government of Belarus, which claims it was linked with Nazi collaboration during the Second World War. The white-red-white flag is used in protests against the government and by the Belarusian diaspora.

The basic design of the national flag of Belarus was first described in Presidential Decree No.214 of June 7, 1995. The flag is a rectangular cloth consisting of two horizontal stripes: a red upper stripe covering two-thirds of the flag's height, and green lower stripe covering one-third. A vertical red-on-white Belarusian decorative pattern, which occupies one-ninth of the flag's length, is placed against the flagstaff. The flag's ratio of width to length is 1:2.

The flag does not differ significantly from the flag of the Byelorussian SSR, other than the removal of the hammer and sickle and the red star, and the reversal of red and white in the hoist pattern. While there is no official interpretation for the colors of the flag, an explanation given by President Alexander Lukashenko is that red represents freedom and the sacrifice of the nation's forefathers, while green represents life.

In addition to the 1995 decree, "STB 911–2008: National Flag of the Republic of Belarus" was published by the State Committee for Standardization of the Republic of Belarus in 2008. It gives the technical specifications of the national flag, such as the details of the colors and the ornament pattern. The red ornament design on the national flag was, until 2012, 1⁄12 the width of the flag, and 1⁄9 with the white margin. As of 2012, the red pattern has occupied the whole of the white margin (which stayed at 1⁄9).

The colors of the national flag are regulated in "STB 911–2008: National Flag of the Republic of Belarus" and are listed in the CIE Standard illuminant D65.

class="wikitable"

* +Standard Color Sample of the National Flag

Y 10

! x 10 !! y 10
National flag 
Flag of Belarus

Country - Belarus

Belarus (Беларусь, ), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь, Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital and most populous city is Minsk. Over 40% of its 207600 km2 is forested. Its major economic sectors are service industries and manufacturing. Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the Principality of Polotsk (11th to 14th centuries), the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire.

In the aftermath of the 1917 Russian Revolution, Belarus declared independence as the Belarusian People's Republic, which was conquered by Soviet Russia. The Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia became a founding constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1922 and was renamed as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Byelorussian SSR). Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland after the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921. Much of the borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939, when some lands of the Second Polish Republic were reintegrated into it after the Soviet invasion of Poland, and were finalized after World War II. During WWII, military operations devastated Belarus, which lost about a third of its population and more than half of its economic resources. The republic was redeveloped in the post-war years. In 1945 the Byelorussian SSR became a founding member of the United Nations, along with the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Latvia 
  •  Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic 
  •  Poland 
  •  Russia 
  •  Ukraine 

Language

Flag of Belarus (English)  Bandiera della Bielorussia (Italiano)  Vlag van Wit-Rusland (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Biélorussie (Français)  Flagge Weißrusslands (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Bielorrússia (Português)  Флаг Республики Беларусь (Русский)  Bandera de Bielorrusia (Español)  Flaga Białorusi (Polski)  白俄罗斯国旗 (中文)  Vitrysslands flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Belarusului (Română)  ベラルーシの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Білорусі (Українська)  Национално знаме на Беларус (Български)  벨라루스의 국기 (한국어)  Valko-Venäjän lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Belarus (Bahasa Indonesia)  Baltarusijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Hvideruslands flag (Dansk)  Běloruská vlajka (Česky)  Beyaz Rusya bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Белорусије (Српски / Srpski)  Valgevene lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Bieloruska (Slovenčina)  Fehéroroszország zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Bjelorusije (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติเบลารุส (ไทย)  Baltkrievijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Λευκορωσίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Belarus (Tiếng Việt) 
 mapnall@gmail.com