Map - Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte (North Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN))

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Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte (North Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN))

Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte (Spanish for "North Atlantic Autonomous Region"), sometimes shortened to RAAN, is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua. It covers an area of 32,159 km² and has a population of 249,700 (2005 census). It is the largest autonomous region or department in Nicaragua. The capital is Puerto Cabezas.

The RAAN has a Regional Council made up of representatives of different political parties (such as the Sandinistas (FSLN), YATAMA (ethnic indigenous party), and others) as well as all the municipalities. They hold sessions in an Assembly in Puerto Cabezas.

The RAAN, in addition to Mestizos contains populations from different indigenous groups, including the Miskitos, Mayagnas, and Creoles.


Map - Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte (North Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN))

Latitude / Longitude : 14° 0' 0" N / 84° 15' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+-6 | Currency : NIO | Telephone : 505  

Country - Nicaragua

Flag of Nicaragua
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua , is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Managua is the country's capital and largest city and is also the third-largest city in Central America, behind Tegucigalpa and Guatemala City. The multi-ethnic population of six million includes people of indigenous, European, African, and Asian heritage. The main language is Spanish. Indigenous tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.

Originally inhabited by various indigenous cultures since ancient times, the Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821. The Mosquito Coast followed a different historical path, with the English colonizing it in the 17th century and later coming under the British rule, as well as some minor Spanish interludes in the 19th century. It became an autonomous territory of Nicaragua in 1860 and the northernmost part of it was later transferred to Honduras in 1960. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, occupation and fiscal crisis, leading to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s and the Contra War of the 1980s.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
NIO Nicaraguan córdoba C$ 2
ISO Language
EN English language
ES Spanish language
Neighbourhood - Country  
  •  Costa rica 
  •  Honduras