Map - Laghman Province (Wilāyat-e Laghmān)

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Laghman Province (Wilāyat-e Laghmān)

Laghman (Pashto/Persian: لغمان) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. It has a population of about 445,600, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society. The city of Mihtarlam serves as the capital of the province. In some historical texts the name is written as "Lamghan" or as "Lamghanat".

Located currently at the Kabul Museum are Aramaic inscriptions that were found in Laghman which indicated an ancient trade route from India to Palmyra. Aramaic was the bureaucratic script language of the Achaemenids whose influence had extended toward Laghman. During the invasions of Alexander the Great, the area was known as Lampaka.

Inscriptions in Aramaic dating from the Mauryan Dynasty were found in Laghman which discussed the conversion of Ashoka to Buddhism. The inscription mentions that the distance to Palmyra is 300 dhanusha or yojana.

The Mahamayuri Tantra dated to between 1-3rd century mentions a number of popular Yaksha shrines. It mentions Yaksh Kalahapriya being worshipped in Lampaka.

In the seventh century, the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang visited Laghman, which he called "Lan-p'o" and considered part of India. He indicated the presence of Mahayana Buddhists and numerous Hindus:

"Kapis"

- Mahayanists]]. The non-Buddhists had a score or two of temples and they were very numerous."

The Hudud al-'alam which was finished in 982 AD mentioned the presence of some idol worshipping temples in the area.

The Kabul Shahis only retained Lamghan in the Kabul-Gandhara area by the time of Alp-tegin. According to Firishta, Sabuktigin had already begun raiding Lamghan under Alp-tegin. He crossed the Khyber Pass many times and raided the territory of Jayapala. He plundered the forts in the outlying provinces of the Kabul Shahi and captured many cities, acquiring huge booty. He also established Islam at many places. Jaipal in retaliation marched with a large force into the valley of Lamghan (Jalalabad) where he clashed with Sabuktigin and his son. The battle stretched on several days until a snow storm affected Jaipala's strategies, forcing him to sue for peace.

Jayapala then returned to Waihind but broke the treaty and mistreated the amirs sent to collect the tribute. Sabuktigin launched another invasion in retaliation. According to al-Utbi, Sabuktigin attacked Lamghan, conquering it and burning the residences of the "infidels" while also demolishing its idol-temples and establishing Islam. He advanced and butchered the idolaters, destroying the temples and plundering their shrines, even risking frostbite on their hands counting the large booty. 

Map - Laghman Province (Wilāyat-e Laghmān)

Latitude / Longitude : 34° 46' 60" N / 70° 10' 60" E | Time zone : UTC+4:30 | Currency : AFN | Telephone : 93  

Map

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Photograph

Laghman Province-Demography-Laghman districts
Demography
Laghman districts
Laghman Province-Demography-US Army ethnolinguistic map of Afghanistan -- circa 2001-09
Demography
US Army ethnolinguistic map of Afghanistan -- circa 2001-09
Laghman Province-Recent history-Flickr - The U.S. Army - Laghman chat
Recent history
Flickr - The U.S. Army - Laghman chat
Laghman Province-History-A village sits in Laghman Province, Afghanistan
History
A village sits in Laghman Province, Afghanistan
Laghman Province-Infrastructure and economy-Defense.gov photo essay 110907-F-RN211-154
Infrastructure and economy
Defense.gov photo essay 110907-F-RN211-154
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Country - Afghanistan

Flag of Afghanistan
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 km2 and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experiences very cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, while the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get very hot in summers. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city.

Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviets, and since 2001 by the United States with NATO-allied countries. It has been called "unconquerable" and nicknamed the "graveyard of empires". The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khaljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
AFN Afghan afghani ؋ 2
ISO Language
PS Pashto language
FA Persian language
TK Turkmen language
UZ Uzbek language
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Neighbourhood - Country  
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  •  Iran 
  •  Pakistan 
  •  Tajikistan 
  •  Turkmenistan 
  •  Uzbekistan 

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