Map - Kingman Reef (Kingman Reef)

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Kingman Reef (Kingman Reef)

Kingman Reef is a largely submerged, uninhabited triangular-shaped reef, 9.5 nmi east-west and 5 nmi north-south, located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly halfway between the Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at. It is the northernmost of the Northern Line Islands and lies 36 nmi northwest of the next closest island (Palmyra Atoll), and 930 nmi south of Honolulu.

The reef encloses a lagoon up to 270 ft deep in its western part. The total area within the outer rim of the reef is 29 mi2. There are two small strips of dry land composed of coral rubble and giant clamshells on the eastern rim with areas of 2 and 1 acre having a coastline of 2 mi. The highest point on the reef is less than 5 ft above sea level, which is wetted or awash most of the time, making Kingman Reef a maritime hazard. It has no natural resources and supports no economic activity.

Kingman Reef has the status of an unincorporated territory of the United States, administered from Washington, D.C. by the U.S. Department of Interior. The atoll is closed to the public. For statistical purposes, Kingman Reef is grouped as part of the United States Minor Outlying Islands. In January 2009, Kingman Reef was designated a marine national monument.

The pre-20th century names Danger Reef, Caldew Reef, Maria Shoal and Crane Shoal refer to this atoll, which by then was entirely submerged at high tide. Thomas Hale Streets described its state in the 1870s, when it had: ... hardly, as yet, assumed the distinctive features of an island. It is entirely under water at high tide, and but a few coral heads project here and there above the surface at low water. In the course of time, however, it will undoubtedly be added to the [northern Line Islands].

 

Map - Kingman Reef (Kingman Reef)

Latitude / Longitude : 6° 24' 0" N / 162° 24' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+-10 | Currency : USD | Telephone : 1  

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Google Earth-Map-Kingman Reef
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Photograph

Kingman Reef--Orthographic projection over Kingman Reef

Orthographic projection over Kingman Reef
Kingman Reef--Kingman Reef - 2014-02-18 - Landsat 8 - 15m

Kingman Reef - 2014-02-18 - Landsat 8 - 15m
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Unofficial flag of Kingman reef
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Country - United States Minor Outlying Islands

The United States Minor Outlying Islands are a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code. The entry code is ISO 3166-2:UM. The minor outlying islands and groups of islands consist of eight United States insular areas in the Pacific Ocean (Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island) and one in the Caribbean Sea (Navassa Island).

The United States has a related territorial dispute with Colombia over administration of the Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank. These islands are not included in the ISO designation.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
USD United States dollar $ 2
ISO Language
EN English language
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