Map - C么te d'Ivoire (Republic of C魌e d扞voire)

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C么te d'Ivoire (Republic of C魌e d扞voire)

Flag of Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast or C么te d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of C么te d'Ivoire, is a country located on the south coast of West Africa. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan. It borders Guinea and Liberia to the west, Burkina Faso and Mali to the north, Ghana to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south.

Before its colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoul茅. The area became a protectorate of France in 1843 and was consolidated as a French colony in 1893 amid the European scramble for Africa. It achieved independence in 1960, led by F茅lix Houphou毛t-Boigny, who ruled the country until 1993. Relatively stable by regional standards, Ivory Coast established close political and economic ties with its West African neighbors while at the same time maintaining close relations to the West, especially France. Ivory Coast experienced a coup d'茅tat in 1999 and two religiously-grounded civil wars, first between 2002 and 2007 and again during 2010鈥2011. In 2000, the country adopted a new constitution.

Ivory Coast is a republic with strong executive power vested in its president. Through the production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse in West Africa during the 1960s and 1970s, though it went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, contributing to a period of political and social turmoil. Only around 2014 has GDP per capita in the country again reached the level of its peak in the 1970s. In the 21st century, the Ivorian economy is largely market-based and still relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production being dominant.

The official language is French, with local indigenous languages also widely used, including Baoul茅, Dioula, Dan, Anyin, and Cebaara Senufo. In total there are around 78 languages spoken in Ivory Coast. There are large populations of Muslims, Christians (primarily Roman Catholics) and various indigenous religions.

Originally, Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa, very roughly, into four "coasts" reflecting local economies. The coast that the French named the C么te d'Ivoire and the Portuguese named the Costa Do Marfim鈥攂oth, literally, mean "Coast of Ivory"鈥攍ay between what was known as the Guin茅 de Cabo Verde, so-called "Upper Guinea" at Cap-Vert, and Lower Guinea. There was also a Pepper Coast, also known as the "Grain Coast", a "Gold Coast", and a "Slave Coast". Like those, the name "Ivory Coast" reflected the major trade that occurred on that particular stretch of the coast: the export of ivory.

Other names included the C么te de Dents, literally "Coast of Teeth", again reflecting the trade in ivory; the C么te de Quaqua, after the people whom the Dutch named the Quaqua (alternatively Kwa Kwa); the Coast of the Five and Six Stripes, after a type of cotton fabric also traded there; and the C么te du Vent, the Windward Coast, after perennial local off-shore weather conditions. One can find the name Cote de(s) Dents regularly used in older works. It was used in Duckett's Dictionnaire and by Nicolas Villault de Bellefond, for example, although Antoine Fran莽ois Pr茅vost used C么te d'Ivoire. In the 19th century, usage switched to C么te d'Ivoire.

The coastline of the modern state is not quite coterminous with what the 15th- and 16th-century merchants knew as the "Teeth" or "Ivory" coast, which was considered to stretch from Cape Palmas to Cape Three Points and which is thus now divided between the modern states of Ghana and Ivory Coast (with a minute portion of Liberia). It retained the name through French rule and independence in 1960. The name had long since been translated literally into other languages, which the post-independence government considered increasingly troublesome whenever its international dealings extended beyond the Francophone sphere. Therefore, in April 1986, the government declared that C么te d'Ivoire (or, more fully, R茅publique de C么te d'Ivoire) would be its formal name for the purposes of diplomatic protocol, and since then officially refuses to recognize or accept any translation from French to another language in its international dealings.

Despite the Ivorian government's request, the English translation "Ivory Coast" (often "the Ivory Coast") is still frequently used in English by various media outlets and publications.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
XOF West African CFA franc Fr 0
ISO Language
FR French language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - C么te d'Ivoire (Republic of C魌e d扞voire)

Latitude / Longitude : 8掳 0' 0" N / 5掳 30' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+0 | Currency : XOF | Telephone : 225  

Map

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Google Earth
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Photograph

C么te d'Ivoire-Pre-European modern period-Royaumes ci
Pre-European modern period
Royaumes ci
C么te d'Ivoire-Establishment of French rule-Aouabou-Trait-1892
Establishment of French rule
Aouabou-Trait-1892
C么te d'Ivoire-Land migration-Cistones
Land migration
Cistones
C么te d'Ivoire-French colonial era-French West Africa 1913 map
French colonial era
French West Africa 1913 map
C么te d'Ivoire-French colonial era-Arriv閑  Kong-1892
French colonial era
Arriv閑 Kong-1892
C么te d'Ivoire-First civil war-059 French Foreign Legion
First civil war
059 French Foreign Legion
C么te d'Ivoire-French colonial era-Almamy Samory Tour
French colonial era
Almamy Samory Tour
C么te d'Ivoire-Independence-Houphouet-Boigny Kennedy
Independence
Houphouet-Boigny Kennedy
C么te d'Ivoire-Second civil war-Internally Displaced Persons Duekoue 2011 Cote dIvoire
Second civil war
Internally Displaced Persons Duekoue 2011 Cote dIvoire
C么te d'Ivoire-Foreign relations-IC Gbagbo Motta eng 195
Foreign relations
IC Gbagbo Motta eng 195
C么te d'Ivoire-Geography-Koppen-Geiger Map CIV present
Geography
Koppen-Geiger Map CIV present
C么te d'Ivoire-Administrative divisions-Districts of C魌e d'Ivoire (Numbered)
Administrative divisions
Districts of C魌e d'Ivoire (Numbered)
C么te d'Ivoire-Economy-Cote D'ivoire Product Exports (2019)
Economy
Cote D'ivoire Product Exports (2019)
C么te d'Ivoire-Economy-GDP per capita development of Ivory Coast
Economy
GDP per capita development of Ivory Coast
C么te d'Ivoire-Demographics-Adjamemarche2
Demographics
Adjamemarche2
C么te d'Ivoire-Education-Universit Abidjan 1
Education
Universit Abidjan 1
C么te d'Ivoire-Religion-Notre dame de la paix yamoussoukro by felix krohn
Religion
Notre dame de la paix yamoussoukro by felix krohn
C么te d'Ivoire-Sport-Cote d'Iviore NT 2010
Sport
Cote d'Iviore NT 2010
C么te d'Ivoire-Cuisine-Yassapoulet
Cuisine
Yassapoulet
C么te d'Ivoire
C么te d'Ivoire
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