National flag - Flag of Mali

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Flag of Mali

Malay tricolour

The national flag of Mali (French: Drapeau du Mali) is a tricolour with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist (the place where the flagpole meets the flag) the colours are green, gold, and red, the pan-African colours. The flag of Mali is almost identical to the flag of Guinea, with the exception that the colours are in reverse order.

The green stands for fertility of the land, gold stands for purity and mineral wealth and the red symbolizes the blood shed for independence from the French.

The current flag was adopted on March 1, 1961. The original flag was adopted on April 4, 1959, when Mali joined the Mali Federation. This flag was the same, except the golden stripe had a human stick figure, a kanaga, in black, with arms raised to the sky. The figure was removed due to the opposition, in a country whose population is 90% Muslim, of Islamic fundamentalists (see Aniconism in Islam, the belief against making pictures of the human figure).

National flag 
Flag of Mali

Country - Mali

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (undefined), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1240000 sqkm. The population of Mali is million. It borders Mauritania to the West, Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso to the south, Niger to the east, and Algeria to the north. Its capital is Bamako. The sovereign state of Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara Desert, while the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economy centers on agriculture and mining. Some of Mali's prominent natural resources include gold, being the third largest producer of gold in the African continent, and salt.

Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (for which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. During its golden age, there was a flourishing of mathematics, astronomy, literature, and art. At its peak in 1300, the Mali Empire covered an area about twice the size of modern-day France and stretched to the west coast of Africa. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a coup in 1991 led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Algeria 
  •  Burkina Faso 
  •  Côte d'Ivoire 
  •  Guinea 
  •  Mauritania 
  •  Niger 
  •  Senegal 


Flag of Mali (English)  Bandiera del Mali (Italiano)  Vlag van Mali (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Mali (Français)  Flagge Malis (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Mali (Português)  Флаг Мали (Русский)  Bandera de Malí (Español)  Flaga Mali (Polski)  马里国旗 (中文)  Malis flagga (Svenska)  マリ共和国の国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Малі (Українська)  Национално знаме на Мали (Български)  말리의 국기 (한국어)  Malin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Mali (Bahasa Indonesia)  Malio vėliava (Lietuvių)  Malis flag (Dansk)  Vlajka Mali (Česky)  Mali bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Малија (Српски / Srpski)  Mali lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Mali (Slovenčina)  Mali zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Malija (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติมาลี (ไทย)  Mali karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία του Μάλι (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Mali (Tiếng Việt)