National flag - Flag of Iran

National flag  >  Flag of Iran

Flag of Iran

The flag of Iran is a tricolour comprising equal horizontal bands of green, white and red with the national emblem ("Allah") in red centred on the white band and the takbir written 11 times in the Kufic script in white, at the bottom of the green and the top of the red band.

Islamist organizations]] and student movements. In opposition to the current regime in Iran, a number of Iranian exiles (particularly in Los Angeles) continue to use the Iranian tricolor with the Lion and Sun at the center.

The parliament of Iran, per the 1980 constitution, changed the flag and seal of state insofar as the Lion and Sun were replaced by the red emblem in the centre of the flag. Designed by Hamid Nadimi, and officially approved by Parliament and the Leader Grand Ayatollah Khomeini on 9 May 1980, this emblem is a highly stylised composite of various Islamic elements: a geometrically symmetric form of the word Allah ("God") and overlapping parts of the phrase lā ʾilāha ʾillā l-Lāh, (There is no God Except Allah), forming a monogram in the form of a tulip it consists of four crescents and a line. The four crescents read from right to left; the first crescent is the letter aleph, the second crescent is the first laam; the vertical line is the second laam, and the third and fourth crescents together form the heh. Above the central stroke is a tashdid (a diacritical mark indicating gemination) resembling "W". The tulip shape of the emblem as a whole memorialises those who have died for Iran and symbolises the values of patriotism and self-sacrifice, building on a legend that red tulips grow from the shed blood of martyrs. This emblem is somewhat similar to the Khanda but has no relation to Sikhism and its meaning to that religious community.

Written in white and repeated eleven times on the inner edges of each the green and the red band is the phrase Allahu Akbar (Allah is the greatest) in a stylised version of the kufic script. This symbolises the calls of Allahu Akbar on the night of 22 Bahman (11 February 1979) when the national radio of Iran broadcast: "From Tehran, the voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran" and marked the unofficial beginning of the Islamic Republic (with the official day being 2 May). This writing renders the flag non-reversible.

National flag 
Flag of Iran

Country - Iran

Iran, also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1648195 km2, it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Afghanistan 
  •  Armenia 
  •  Azerbaijan 
  •  Mesopotamia 
  •  Pakistan 
  •  Turkey 
  •  Turkmenistan 


Flag of Iran (English)  Bandiera dell'Iran (Italiano)  Vlag van Iran (Nederlands)  Drapeau de l'Iran (Français)  Flagge des Iran (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Irão (Português)  Флаг Ирана (Русский)  Bandera de Irán (Español)  Flaga Iranu (Polski)  伊朗国旗 (中文)  Irans flagga (Svenska)  イランの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Ірану (Українська)  Национално знаме на Иран (Български)  이란의 국기 (한국어)  Iranin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Iran (Bahasa Indonesia)  Irano vėliava (Lietuvių)  Irans flag (Dansk)  Íránská vlajka (Česky)  İran bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Ирана (Српски / Srpski)  Iraani lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Iránu (Slovenčina)  Irán zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Irana (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติอิหร่าน (ไทย)  Irānas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία του Ιράν (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Iran (Tiếng Việt)