Currency - Turkmenistan manat

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Turkmenistan manat

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The manat is the currency of Turkmenistan. It was introduced on 1 November 1993, replacing the Russian ruble at a rate of 1 manat = 500 rubles. The ISO 4217 code was TMM, and the manat was subdivided into 100 tenge. The abbreviation m is sometimes used, e.g., 25 000 m is twenty-five thousand manat.

On January 1, 2009, the new manat was introduced with ISO 4217 code TMT at the rate of 5000 old manat to 1 new manat.

The word "manat" is borrowed from Persian word "munāt" and the Russian word "монета" ("moneta") meaning "coin". Likewise, 'manat' was the name of the Soviet ruble in both Azeri and Turkmen.

Country

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan ( or ; Türkmenistan, ), formerly known as Turkmenia, officially the Republic of Turkmenistan, is a country in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west. Ashgabat is the capital and largest city. The population of the country is 5.6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics and one of the most sparsely populated in Asia.

Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. In medieval times, Merv was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road, a caravan route used for trade with China until the mid-15th century. Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1925, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR); it became independent upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Language

Turkmenistan manat (English)  Manat turkmeno (Italiano)  Turkmeense manat (Nederlands)  Manat turkmène (Français)  Turkmenistan-Manat (Deutsch)  Manat turcomeno (Português)  Туркменский манат (Русский)  Manat turcomano (Español)  Manat turkmeński (Polski)  土库曼斯坦马纳特 (中文)  Turkmenistansk manat (Svenska)  Manat turkmen (Română)  トルクメニスタン・マナト (日本語)  Туркменський манат (Українська)  Туркменистански манат (Български)  투르크메니스탄 마나트 (한국어)  Turkmenistanin manat (Suomi)  Manat Turkmenistan (Bahasa Indonesia)  Turkmėnijos manatas (Lietuvių)  Turkmenský manat (Česky)  Türkmenistan manatı (Türkçe)  Туркменистански манат (Српски / Srpski)  Turkménsky manat (Slovenčina)  Türkmén manat (Magyar)  Turkmenistanski manat (Hrvatski)  Μανάτ του Τουρκμενιστάν (Ελληνικά) 
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