Currency - Rwandan franc

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Rwandan franc

Fr
The Rwandan franc (sign: FRw, and possibly RF or R₣; ISO 4217: RWF) is the currency of Rwanda. It is subdivided into 100 centimes.

The franc became the currency of Rwanda in 1916, when Belgium occupied the previously German colony and the Belgian Congo franc replaced the German East African rupie. Rwanda used the currency of Belgian Congo until 1960, when the Rwanda and Burundi franc was introduced. Rwanda began issuing its own francs in 1964.

A proposal exists to introduce a common currency, a new East African shilling, for the five member states of the East African Community. While originally scheduled to occur by the end of 2012, as of June 2016, a common currency had not been introduced.

In 1964, coins were introduced for 1, 5 and 10 francs, with the 1 and 10 francs in cupronickel and the 5 francs in bronze. In 1969, aluminium 1 franc coins were introduced, followed in 1970 by ½ and 2 francs also in aluminium. A reduced sized copper-nickel 10 franc coin was issued in 1974.

Brass 20 and 50 francs were introduced in 1977. New series of 1-50 Francs coins were issued in 2004 (dated 2003) and a new bimetallic coin of 100 Francs was introduced in 2008 (dated 2007)

* 1 franc - 98% Aluminium, 2% Magnesium

* 5 francs - Bronze

* 10 francs - Bronze

* 20 francs - Nickel-plated steel

* 50 francs - Nickel-plated steel

Country

Rwanda

Rwanda (U Rwanda ), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a country in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.

The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. The Twa are a forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from Rwanda's earliest inhabitants. Scholars disagree on the origins of and differences between the Hutu and Tutsi; some believe differences are derived from former social castes within a single people, while others believe the Hutu and Tutsi arrived in the country separately, and from different locations. Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the principal language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with English and French serving as additional official languages. The sovereign state of Rwanda has a presidential system of government. The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who took office in 2000. Rwanda today has low corruption compared with neighbouring countries, although human rights organisations report suppression of opposition groups, intimidation and restrictions on freedom of speech. The country has been governed by a strict administrative hierarchy since precolonial times; there are five provinces delineated by borders drawn in 2006. Rwanda is one of only two countries with a female majority in the national parliament.

Language

Rwandan franc (English)  Franco ruandese (Italiano)  Rwandese frank (Nederlands)  Franc rwandais (Français)  Ruanda-Franc (Deutsch)  Franco ruandês (Português)  Франк Руанды (Русский)  Franco ruandés (Español)  Frank rwandyjski (Polski)  卢旺达法郎 (中文)  Rwandisk franc (Svenska)  ルワンダ・フラン (日本語)  Руандійський франк (Українська)  Руандийски франк (Български)  르완다 프랑 (한국어)  Ruandan frangi (Suomi)  Franc Rwanda (Bahasa Indonesia)  Ruandos frankas (Lietuvių)  Rwandiske franc (Dansk)  Rwandský frank (Česky)  Ruanda frangı (Türkçe)  Руандски франак (Српски / Srpski)  Rwanda frank (Eesti)  Ruandai frank (Magyar)  Ruandski franak (Hrvatski)  Φράγκο της Ρουάντα (Ελληνικά) 
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