Currency - Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark

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Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark

KM or КМ
The Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: konvertibilna marka, Cyrillic: конвертибилна марка); sign: KM; code: BAM) is the currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is divided into 100 pfenigs or fenings (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: pfenig/fening; Cyrillic: пфениг/фенинг), and locally abbreviated KM.

The convertible mark was established by the 1995 Dayton Agreement. It replaced the Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar, Croatian kuna and Republika Srpska dinar as the single currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1998. Mark refers to the German mark, the currency to which it was pegged at par.

The names derive from the German language. Three official languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian) have adopted German nouns die Mark and der Pfennig as loanwords marka and pfenig. The Official Gazette of BiH ( Bosnian: Službeni glasnik BiH), Official newspaper of FBiH ( Bosnian: Službene novine FBiH) and other official documents recognized pfenig or пфениг (depending on the script; Bosnian and Serbian use both Latin and Cyrillic on an equal footing, while Croatian uses only Latin) as the name of the subdivision.

Banknotes of 50 fenings/pfenigs were in circulation from 1998 to 2000. They were denoted as "50 KONVERTIBILNIH PFENIGA" / "50 КОНВЕРТИБИЛНИХ ПФЕНИГА"; however, the word convertible should never be next to the pfenig because only the mark can be convertible. (See Mistakes for all of the mistakes on banknotes and coins.) Coins of 10, 20 and 50 pfenigs have been in circulation since 1998 (the 5-pfenigs coin was released in 2006). All of them are inscribed "~ feninga" / "~ фенинга" on the obverse. Misspelling fening/фенинг has never been corrected, and it took that much hold that is now officially adopted and not recognized as an incorrect name.

Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian have a complicated case system. In addition, it is important to note that they use three plural forms.

* In combination with numbers 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, … (i.e. ending in 1 but not 11) nouns use the nominative case singular (the base form):

* màrka (màr: a – short vowel, rising tone) and pfénig/féning ((p)fé: e – short vowel, rising tone)

* In combination with numbers that for rightmost digit have 2, 3 or 4 (except 12, 13 and 14) nouns use the genitive case singular (so called "the paucal form"):

* màrke (màr: a – short vowel, rising tone) and pféniga/féninga ((p)fé: e – short vowel, rising tone)

* In combination with numbers 0, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 100, 1000, 10000 etc. (i.e. ending in 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, 11, 12, 13 or 14) nouns use the genitive case plural:

Country

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina ( or ; Serbo-Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina [BiH] / Боснa и Херцеговина [БиХ]), sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is an almost landlocked country – it has a narrow coast at the Adriatic Sea, about 20 km long surrounding the town of Neum. It is bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south; Serbia to the east; and Montenegro to the southeast. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland, Bosnia, is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, with hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip, Herzegovina, has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.

Language

Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (English)  Marco bosniaco (Italiano)  Bosnische inwisselbare mark (Nederlands)  Mark convertible de Bosnie-Herzégovine (Français)  Konvertible Mark (Deutsch)  Marco conversível (Português)  Конвертируемая марка (Русский)  Marco bosnioherzegovino (Español)  Marka zamienna (Polski)  波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那可兑换马克 (中文)  Konvertibilna marka (Svenska)  Marcă bosniacă convertibilă (Română)  兌換マルク (日本語)  Конвертовна марка (Українська)  Босненска конвертируема марка (Български)  보스니아 헤르체고비나 태환 마르카 (한국어)  Bosnian ja Hertsegovinan vaihdettava markka (Suomi)  Mark Bosnia dan Herzegovina (Bahasa Indonesia)  Konvertuojamoji markė (Lietuvių)  Konvertibilna mark (Dansk)  Konvertibilní marka (Česky)  Bosna-Hersek değiştirilebilir markı (Türkçe)  Конвертибилна марка (Српски / Srpski)  Konvertibilná marka (Slovenčina)  Bosnyák konvertibilis márka (Magyar)  Konvertibilna marka (Hrvatski)  Konvertibilna marka (Slovenščina)  Konvertējamā marka (Latviešu)  Μετατρέψιμο μάρκο Βοσνίας και Ερζεγοβίνης (Ελληνικά) 
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