Map - Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

World >  South America >  Venezuela

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

Flag of Venezuela
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km 2 (353,841 sq mi). The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km 2 (61,600 sq mi). For its maritime areas, it exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km 2 (27,527 sq mi) of territorial waters, 22,224 km 2 (8,581 sq mi) in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km 2 (182,050 sq mi) of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km 2 (38,567 sq mi) of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. It gained full independence as a country in 1830. During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, remaining dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) until the mid-20th century. Since 1958, the country has had a series of democratic governments. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution. The revolution began with a 1999 Constituent Assembly, where a new Constitution of Venezuela was written. This new constitution officially changed the name of the country to Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela).

The sovereign state is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering Caracas), and federal dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands). Venezuela also claims all Guyanese territory west of the Essequibo River, a 159500 km2 tract dubbed Guayana Esequiba or the Zona en Reclamación (the "zone under dispute"). Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital (Caracas) which is also the largest city in Venezuela.

Oil was discovered in the early 20th century, and today, Venezuela has the world's largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil. Previously, the country was an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, but oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues. The 1980s oil glut led to an external debt crisis and a long-running economic crisis. Inflation peaked at 100% in 1996 and poverty rates rose to 66% in 1995 as (by 1998) per capita GDP fell to the same level as 1963, down a third from its 1978 peak. The recovery of oil prices in the early 2000s gave Venezuela oil funds not seen since the 1980s. The Venezuelan government under Hugo Chávez then established populist social welfare policies that initially boosted the Venezuelan economy and increased social spending, temporarily reducing economic inequality and poverty in the early years of the regime. However, such populist policies later became inadequate, causing the nation's collapse as their excesses—including a uniquely extreme fossil fuel subsidy —are widely blamed for destabilizing the nation's economy. The destabilized economy led to a crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela, resulting in hyperinflation, an economic depression, shortages of basic goods and drastic increases in unemployment, poverty, disease, child mortality, malnutrition and crime. These factors have precipitated the Venezuelan Migrant Crisis where more than three million people have fled the country. By 2017, Venezuela was declared to be in default regarding debt payments by credit rating agencies. In 2018, the country's economic policies led to extreme hyperinflation, with estimates expecting an inflation rate of 1,370,000% by the end of the year. Venezuela is a charter member of the UN, OAS, UNASUR, ALBA, Mercosur, LAIA and OEI.

According to the most popular and accepted version, in 1499, an expedition led by Alonso de Ojeda visited the Venezuelan coast. The stilt houses in the area of Lake Maracaibo reminded the Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, of the city of Venice, Italy, so he named the region Veneziola, or "Little Venice". The Spanish version of Veneziola is Venezuela.

Martín Fernández de Enciso, a member of the Vespucci and Ojeda crew, gave a different account. In his work Summa de geografía, he states that the crew found indigenous people who called themselves the Veneciuela. Thus, the name "Venezuela" may have evolved from the native word.

Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
VES Venezuelan bolívar BsS. or Bs. 2
ISO Language
ES Spanish language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

Latitude / Longitude : 8° 0' 0" N / 66° 0' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+-5:-30 | Currency : VEF | Telephone : 58  

Map

Google-Map-Venezuela
Google
Google Earth-Map-Venezuela
Google Earth
OpenStreetMap-Map-Venezuela
OpenStreetMap
Map-Venezuela-venezuela8-xlg.jpg
venezuela8-xlg.jpg
4500x3912
www.howardmodels.com
Map-Venezuela-venezuela.jpg
venezuela.jpg
2498x2148
www.footiemap.com
Map-Venezuela-venezuela_political_map.jpg
venezuela_political_...
2050x2450
www.vidiani.com
Map-Venezuela-venezuela_trans-2007.jpg
venezuela_trans-2007...
1984x2392
www.lib.utexas.edu
Map-Venezuela-venezuela_physio-2007.jpg
venezuela_physio-200...
2392x1984
www.lib.utexas.edu
Map-Venezuela-academia_venezuela_political_lg.jpg
academia_venezuela_p...
2500x1817
www.worldmapsonline....
Map-Venezuela-academia_venezuela_physical_lg.jpg
academia_venezuela_p...
2500x1799
www.worldmapsonline....
Map-Venezuela-Venezuela-map-with-states.jpg
Venezuela-map-with-s...
2160x1664
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Venezuela-txu-oclc-426032339-venezuela_rel_2008.jpg
txu-oclc-426032339-v...
1662x1980
www.lib.utexas.edu
Map-Venezuela-Venezuela_relief_location_map.jpg
Venezuela_relief_loc...
1677x1494
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Venezuela-Colombia_Venezuela_map.png
Colombia_Venezuela_m...
1634x1424
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Venezuela-Venezuela-Map.jpg
Venezuela-Map.jpg
1433x1243
mappery.com
Map-Venezuela-Venezuela-Map.jpg
Venezuela-Map.jpg
1433x1243
www.mappery.com
Map-Venezuela-map-of-Venezuela.gif
map-of-Venezuela.gif
1412x1108
www.ezilon.com
Map-Venezuela-Venezuela-physical-map.gif
Venezuela-physical-m...
1412x1102
www.ezilon.com
Map-Venezuela-Venezuela-map.gif
Venezuela-map.gif
1412x1069
www.ezilon.com
Map-Venezuela-venezuela_rel93.jpg
venezuela_rel93.jpg
1086x1304
www.lib.utexas.edu
Map-Venezuela-Venezuela_rel93.jpg
Venezuela_rel93.jpg
1086x1304
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Venezuela-13587725571452449373colombia_venezuela_map.png
13587725571452449373...
969x1413
www.clker.com
Map-Venezuela-venezuela-map-physical.jpg
venezuela-map-physic...
1200x1121
www.freeworldmaps.ne...
1 2 3 4 5 6 

Facebook

 mapnall@gmail.com