Map - Tuvalu

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Tuvalu

Flag of Tuvalu
Tuvalu ( or ), formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island country located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania, about midway between Hawaii and Australia. It lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji. It comprises three reef islands and six true atolls spread out between the latitude of 5° to 10° south and longitude of 176° to 180°, west of the International Date Line. Tuvalu has a population of 10,640 (2012 census). The total land area of the islands of Tuvalu is 26 km2.

The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians. The origins of the people of Tuvalu are addressed in the theories regarding migration into the Pacific that began about 3000 years ago. During pre-European-contact times there was frequent canoe voyaging between the islands as Polynesian navigation skills are recognised to have allowed deliberate journeys on double-hull sailing canoes or outrigger canoes. The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from Samoa and Tonga into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping stone to further migration into the Polynesian outliers in Melanesia and Micronesia.

In 1568, Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to sail through the archipelago, sighting the island of Nui during his expedition in search of Terra Australis. The island of Funafuti was named Ellice's Island in 1819; the name Ellice was applied to all of the nine islands after the work of English hydrographer Alexander George Findlay. The Ellice Islands came into Great Britain's sphere of influence in the late 19th century, as the result of a treaty between Great Britain and Germany relating to the demarcation of the spheres of influence in the Pacific Ocean. Each of the Ellice Islands was declared a British Protectorate by Captain Gibson of between 9 and 16 October 1892. The Ellice Islands were administered as a British protectorate by a Resident Commissioner from 1892 to 1916, as part of the British Western Pacific Territories (BWPT), and then as part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony from 1916 to 1976.

A referendum was held in December 1974 to determine whether the Gilbert Islands and Ellice Islands should each have their own administration. As a consequence of the referendum, the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony ceased to exist on 1 January 1976, and the separate British colonies of Kiribati and Tuvalu came into existence. Tuvalu became fully independent within the Commonwealth on 1 October 1978. On 5 September 2000, Tuvalu became the 189th member of the United Nations.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
AUD Australian dollar $ 2
ISO Language
EN English language
SM Samoan language

Map - Tuvalu

Latitude / Longitude : 8° 31' 2" S / 179° 8' 41" E | Time zone : UTC+12 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 688  

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Tuvalu-Tourism-View from Hotel room
Tourism
View from Hotel room
Tuvalu-Transport-Manu Folau off Vaitupu Harbour, Tuvalu
Transport
Manu Folau off Vaitupu Harbour, Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Economy-National Bank of Tuvalu
Economy
National Bank of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Sport and leisure-Tuvalu national football team (team picture, 2011)
Sport and leisure
Tuvalu national football team (team picture, 2011)
Tuvalu-Cuisine-Canoe carving on Nanumea
Cuisine
Canoe carving on Nanumea
Tuvalu-Culture-Interior of a maneapa in Funafuti, Tuvalu
Culture
Interior of a maneapa in Funafuti, Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Architecture-Dancer, Tuvalu stage, 2011 Pasifika festival
Architecture
Dancer, Tuvalu stage, 2011 Pasifika festival
Tuvalu-Education-Children of Niutao Island
Education
Children of Niutao Island
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Administrative divisions
Tv-map
Tuvalu-Demographics-Population Distribution of Tuvalu by Age Group (2014)
Demographics
Population Distribution of Tuvalu by Age Group (2014)
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Scientific expeditions and travellers
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Early contacts with other cultures
Tuvalu costume
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Government
Government office building
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Scientific expeditions and travellers
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Tuvalu-Trading firms and traders-Tuvalu - Location Map (2013) - TUV - UNOCHA
Trading firms and traders
Tuvalu - Location Map (2013) - TUV - UNOCHA
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Geography
Tuvalu Funafuti atoll beach
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Environmental pressures
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Tuvalu Meteorology Service
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Cyclones
Ocean side Funafuti
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Tuvalu
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