Map - Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand)

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Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand)

Thailand (ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam (สยาม), is a country at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Although nominally a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup in 2014 established a de facto military dictatorship.

Tai peoples migrated from southwestern China to mainland Southeast Asia from the 11th century; the oldest known mention of their presence in the region by the exonym Siamese dates to the 12th century. Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon, the Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as Ngoenyang, the Sukhothai Kingdom, Lan Na and the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which rivaled each other. European contact began in 1511 with a Portuguese diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya, one of the great powers in the region. Ayutthaya reached its peak during cosmopolitan Narai's reign (1656–88), gradually declining thereafter until being ultimately destroyed in 1767 in a war with Burma. Taksin quickly reunified the fragmented territory and established the short-lived Thonburi Kingdom. He was succeeded in 1782 by Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, the first monarch of the Chakri dynasty and founder of the Rattanakosin Kingdom, which lasted into the early 20th century.

Through the 18th and 19th centuries, Siam faced pressure from France and the United Kingdom, including forced concessions of territory, but nevertheless it remained the only Southeast Asian country to avoid direct Western rule. Following a bloodless revolution in 1932, Siam became a constitutional monarchy and changed its official name to "Thailand". While it joined the Allies in World War I, Thailand was an Axis satellite in World War II. In the late 1950s, a military coup revived the monarchy's historically influential role in politics. Thailand became a major ally of the United States and played a key anti-communist role in the region. Apart from a brief period of parliamentary democracy in the mid 1970s, Thailand has periodically alternated between democracy and military rule. In the 21st century, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by the military junta.

Thailand is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy under a military junta. Thailand is a founding member of Association of Southeast Asian Nations and remains a major ally of the US. Despite its comparatively sporadic changes in leadership, it is considered a regional power in Southeast Asia and a middle power in global affairs. With a high level of human development, the second largest economy in Southeast Asia, and the 20th largest by PPP, Thailand is classified as a newly industrialized economy; manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy. 

Map - Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand)

Latitude / Longitude : 15° 30' 0" N / 101° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+7 | Currency : THB | Telephone : 66  

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Thailand-Etymology of
Etymology of "Siam"
King Mongkut (Rama IV) of Siam Signature (English)
Thailand-Prehistory-TaiFamilyTree Overlaid On Map
Prehistory
TaiFamilyTree Overlaid On Map
Thailand-Ayutthaya Kingdom-Carte royaume de Siam
Ayutthaya Kingdom
Carte royaume de Siam
Thailand-Ayutthaya Kingdom-AMH-5626-NA Bird's eye view of the city of Judja
Ayutthaya Kingdom
AMH-5626-NA Bird's eye view of the city of Judja
Thailand-Modernization and centralization-ThailandWithFlags
Modernization and centralization
ThailandWithFlags
Thailand-Modernization and centralization-King and Tsar
Modernization and centralization
King and Tsar
Thailand-Constitutional monarchy, World War II, and Cold War-King Rama IX being presented with regalia at coronation
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King Rama IX being presented with regalia at coronation
Thailand-Contemporary history-2010 09 19 red shirt protest bkk 09
Contemporary history
2010 09 19 red shirt protest bkk 09
Thailand-Politics and government-Meeting with Prime Minister of Thailand Yingluck Shinawatra and Vladimir Putin 01
Politics and government
Meeting with Prime Minister of Thailand Yingluck Shinawatra and Vladimir Putin 01
Thailand-Politics and government-Democracy monument, Bangkok, Thailand
Politics and government
Democracy monument, Bangkok, Thailand
Thailand-Geography-Nan z doi phuka 2006 1003
Geography
Nan z doi phuka 2006 1003
Thailand-Geography-Thailand 06 - 40 Railay (158632937)
Geography
Thailand 06 - 40 Railay (158632937)
Thailand-Geography-Isla Phi Phi Lay, Tailandia, 2013-08-19, DD 04
Geography
Isla Phi Phi Lay, Tailandia, 2013-08-19, DD 04
Thailand-Climate-Thailand map of Köppen climate classification
Climate
Thailand map of Köppen climate classification
Thailand-Wildlife-Khaoyai 06
Wildlife
Khaoyai 06
Thailand-Regions-Thailand four regions
Regions
Thailand four regions
Thailand-Southern region-Souththailandmap
Southern region
Souththailandmap
Thailand-Foreign relations-Rama IX of Thailand and Barack Obama
Foreign relations
Rama IX of Thailand and Barack Obama
Thailand-Foreign relations-Royal Thai Embassy Wellington New Zealand 2015
Foreign relations
Royal Thai Embassy Wellington New Zealand 2015
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