Map - Suriname (Republic of Suriname)

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Suriname (Republic of Suriname)

Flag of Suriname
Suriname (, US also, also sometimes spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname ), is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south. At just under 165000 km2, it is the smallest sovereign state in South America. Suriname has a population of approximately, most of whom live on the country's north coast, in and around the capital and largest city, Paramaribo.

Suriname was long inhabited by various indigenous people before being invaded and contested by European powers from the 16th century, eventually coming under Dutch rule in the late 17th century. As the chief sugar colony during the Dutch colonial period, it was primarily a plantation economy dependent on African slaves and, following the abolition of slavery in 1863, indentured servants from Asia. Suriname was ruled by the Dutch-chartered company Sociëteit van Suriname between 1683 and 1795.

In 1954, Suriname became one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On 25 November 1975, the country of Suriname left the Kingdom of the Netherlands to become an independent state, nonetheless maintaining close economic, diplomatic, and cultural ties to its former colonizer. Suriname is considered to be a culturally Caribbean country, and is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). While Dutch is the official language of government, business, media, and education, Sranan Tongo, an English-based creole language, is a widely used lingua franca. Suriname is the only sovereign nation outside Europe where Dutch is spoken by a majority of the population. As a legacy of colonization, the people of Suriname are among the most diverse in the world, spanning a multitude of ethnic, religious, and linguistic groups.

The name Suriname may derive from an indigenous people called Surinen, who inhabited the area at the time of European contact.

British settlers, who founded the first European colony at Marshall's Creek along the Suriname River, spelled the name as "Surinam".

When the territory was taken over by the Dutch, it became part of a group of colonies known as Dutch Guiana. The official spelling of the country's English name was changed from "Surinam" to "Suriname" in January 1978, but "Surinam" can still be found in English. A notable example is Suriname's national airline, Surinam Airways. The older English name is reflected in the English pronunciation,. In Dutch, the official language of Suriname, the pronunciation is, with the main stress on the third syllable and a schwa terminal vowel.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
SRD Surinamese dollar $ 2
ISO Language
NL Dutch language
EN English language
JV Javanese language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Suriname (Republic of Suriname)

Latitude / Longitude : 4° 0' 0" N / 56° 0' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+-3 | Currency : SRD | Telephone : 597  

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Photograph

Suriname-Languages-Tropenmuseum Royal Tropical Institute Objectnumber 60008924 Een groep Brits-Indische immigranten
Languages
Tropenmuseum Royal Tropical Institute Objectnumber 60008924 Een groep Brits-Indische immigranten
Suriname-Demographics-Suriname demography
Demographics
Suriname demography
Suriname-Economy-Suriname Export Treemap
Economy
Suriname Export Treemap
Suriname-Economy-Financien
Economy
Financien
Suriname-Administrative divisions-Suriname districts numbered
Administrative divisions
Suriname districts numbered
Suriname-Geography-Suriname map of Köppen climate classification
Geography
Suriname map of Köppen climate classification
Suriname-Geography-Suriname with disputed territories
Geography
Suriname with disputed territories
Suriname-Politics-AssembleeSurinaam
Politics
AssembleeSurinaam
Suriname-Politics-Paramaribo, Hof van Justitie (Court of Justice)
Politics
Paramaribo, Hof van Justitie (Court of Justice)
Suriname-Independence-Henck Arron, Beatrix, Johan Ferrier 1975
Independence
Henck Arron, Beatrix, Johan Ferrier 1975
Suriname-Abolition of slavery-Tropenmuseum Royal Tropical Institute Objectnumber 10019010 Groep Nederlandse kolonisten op de bo
Abolition of slavery
Tropenmuseum Royal Tropical Institute Objectnumber 10019010 Groep Nederlandse kolonisten op de bo
Suriname-Colonial period-Water-front houses in Paramaribo, 1955
Colonial period
Water-front houses in Paramaribo, 1955
Suriname-Abolition of slavery-COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Suriname immigranten afkomstig uit Nederlands-Indië de vrouw rechts draagt een peniti tak broche TMnr 60008927
Abolition of slavery
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Suriname immigranten afkomstig uit Nederlands-Indië de vrouw rechts draagt e...
Suriname-Colonial period-Presidential palace, Paramaribo, Suriname
Colonial period
Presidential palace, Paramaribo, Suriname
Suriname-History-Maroon village, Suriname River, 1955
History
Maroon village, Suriname River, 1955
Suriname
Suriname
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