Map - South Sudan

World >  Africa >  South Sudan

South Sudan

Flag of South Sudan
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. The country gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011, making it the newest country with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba.

South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal, meaning "Mountain Sea". Sudan was occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty and was governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence in 1956. Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983. A second Sudanese civil war soon broke out, ending in 2005 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, following 98.83% support for independence in a January 2011 referendum.

South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples. Christianity is the majority religion. In September 2017 the UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict said that half of South Sudan's inhabitants are under 18 years old. It is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the East African Community and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development. In July 2012, South Sudan signed the Geneva Conventions. South Sudan has suffered ethnic violence and has been in a civil war since 2013. As of 2018, South Sudan ranks third lowest in the latest UN World Happiness Report, and has the highest score on the American Fund for Peace's Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index).

The Nilotic people of South Sudan—the Acholi, Anyuak, Bari, Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk, Kaligi (Arabic Feroghe), and others—first entered South Sudan sometime before the 10th century coinciding with the fall of medieval nubia. During the period from the 15th to the 19th centuries, tribal migrations, largely from the area of Bahr el Ghazal, brought the Anyuak, Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk to their modern locations of both Bahr El Ghazal and Upper Nile Regions, while the Acholi and Bari settled in Equatoria. The Azande, Mundu, Avukaya and Baka, who entered South Sudan in the 16th century, established the region's largest state of Equatoria Region.

The Dinka are the largest, Nuer the second largest, the Azande the third-largest and the Bari are the fourth-largest ethnic group in the country. They are found in the Maridi, Yambio, and Tombura districts in the tropical rainforest belt of Western Equatoria, the Adio of Azande client in Yei, Central Equatoria and Western Bahr el Ghazal. In the 18th century, the Avungara sib rose to power over the rest of Azande society and this domination continued into the 20th century. Geographical barriers, including the swamplands along the White Nile and the British preference for sending Christian missionaries to the southern regions, including its Closed District Ordinance of 1922 (see History of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan), helped to prevent the spread of Islam to the southerners, thus enabling them to retain their social and cultural heritage, as well as their political and religious institutions. The major reasons include the long history of British policy preference toward developing the Arab north and its ignoring the Black south. After Sudan's first independent elections in 1958, the continued ignoring of the south by Khartoum (lack of schools, roads, bridges) led to uprisings, revolt, and the longest civil war on the continent. , peoples include Acholi, Anyuak, Azande, Baka, Balanda Bviri, Bari, Boya, Didinga, Dinka, Jiye, Kaligi, Kuku, Lotuka, Mundari, Murie, Nilotic, Nuer, Shilluk, Toposa and Zande.

Slavery had been an institution of Sudanese life throughout history. The slave trade in the south intensified in the 19th century, and continued after the British had suppressed slavery in much of sub-Saharan Africa. Annual Sudanese slave raids into non-Muslim territories resulted in the capture of countless thousands of southern Sudanese, and the destruction of the region's stability and economy.

The Azande have had good relations with the neighbors, namely the Moru, Mundu, Pöjulu, Avukaya, Baka and the small groups in Bahr el Ghazal, due to the expansionist policy of their king Gbudwe, in the 18th century. In the 19th century, the Azande fought the French, the Belgians and the Mahdists to maintain their independence. Egypt, under the rule of Khedive Ismail Pasha, first attempted to control the region in the 1870s, establishing the province of Equatoria in the southern portion. Egypt's first governor was Samuel Baker, commissioned in 1869, followed by Charles George Gordon in 1874 and by Emin Pasha in 1878.

The Mahdist Revolt of the 1880s destabilized the nascent province, and Equatoria ceased to exist as an Egyptian outpost in 1889. Important settlements in Equatoria included Lado, Gondokoro, Dufile and Wadelai. European colonial maneuverings in the region came to a head in 1898, when the Fashoda Incident occurred at present-day Kodok; Britain and France almost went to war over the region. In 1947, British hopes to join South Sudan with Uganda as well as, leaving Western Equatoria as part of The Democratic Republic of Congo were dashed by the Rajaf Conference to unify North and South Sudan.

South Sudan has an estimated population of 8 million, but, given the lack of a census in several decades, this estimate may be severely distorted. The economy is predominantly rural and relies chiefly on subsistence farming. Around 2005, the economy began a transition from this rural dominance, and urban areas within South Sudan have seen extensive development.

The region has been negatively affected by two civil wars since Sudanese independence: from 1955 to 1972, the Sudanese government fought the Anyanya rebel army (Anya-Nya is a term in the Madi language which means 'snake venom') during the First Sudanese Civil War, followed by the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) in the Second Sudanese Civil War for over 20 years. As a result, the country suffered serious neglect, a lack of infrastructural development, and major destruction and displacement. More than 2.5 million people have been killed and millions more have become refugees both within and outside the country. 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
SSP South Sudanese pound £ 2
ISO Language
EN English language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - South Sudan

Latitude / Longitude : 7° 30' 0" N / 30° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+3 | Currency : SSP | Telephone : 211  

Map

Google Earth-Map-South Sudan
Google Earth
OpenStreetMap-Map-South Sudan
OpenStreetMap
Map-South Sudan-sudan_hpm_A1.jpg
sudan_hpm_A1.jpg
3175x2245
www.sudantribune.com
Map-South Sudan-txu-oclc-219400066-sudan_pol_2007.jpg
txu-oclc-219400066-s...
2148x2608
www.lib.utexas.edu
Map-South Sudan-South_Sudan_location_map_Topographic.png
South_Sudan_location...
2408x1748
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-South Sudan-132832-South%20Sudan%20Jonglei%20State%20-%20Detailed%20Transport%20Map%20%28as%20of%2025%20Nov%202012%29.png
132832-South%20Sudan...
2384x1684
img.static.reliefweb...
Map-South Sudan-South_Sudan-administrative_map.png
South_Sudan-administ...
2300x1542
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-South Sudan-South_Sudan-administrative_map_PL.png
South_Sudan-administ...
2242x1542
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-South Sudan-twic-east-map3.jpg
twic-east-map3.jpg
1940x1557
dinkatwiceast.files....
Map-South Sudan-twic-east-map3.jpg
twic-east-map3.jpg
1940x1557
jiengjang.files.word...
Map-South Sudan-sudan_map.jpg
sudan_map.jpg
1200x1507
sirronaldsanders.com
Map-South Sudan-south-sudan.jpg
south-sudan.jpg
1202x1503
2.bp.blogspot.com
Map-South Sudan-south-sudan-map.png
south-sudan-map.png
1481x1045
2.bp.blogspot.com
Map-South Sudan-sudan_pol00.jpg
sudan_pol00.jpg
1050x1328
www.lib.utexas.edu
Map-South Sudan-9873156-south-sudan-map-flag-with-reflection-illustration.jpg
9873156-south-sudan-...
1005x1200
us.123rf.com
Map-South Sudan-crs-south-sudan-crisis-map-131226.jpg
crs-south-sudan-cris...
1000x1023
codebookafrica.files...
Map-South Sudan-south-sudan-map.jpg
south-sudan-map.jpg
1137x875
acelebrationofwomen....
Map-South Sudan-SudanPopulationCartogram2011.jpg
SudanPopulationCarto...
1000x991
www.viewsoftheworld....
Map-South Sudan-south-sudan-map.jpg
south-sudan-map.jpg
1096x847
mapcollection.files....
Map-South Sudan-south-sudan-map-physiographic-zones.png
south-sudan-map-phys...
1123x793
erininjuba.files.wor...
Map-South Sudan-south_sudan_map.jpg
south_sudan_map.jpg
1024x768
1.bp.blogspot.com
Map-South Sudan-47F8D2D11811906AC1256F2D0047FE35-sdntran.gif
47F8D2D11811906AC125...
680x1016
img.static.reliefweb...
1 2 3 4 5 

Photograph

South Sudan-Refugees-The scale of the problem Jamam refugee camp from the air (6972523516)
Refugees
The scale of the problem Jamam refugee camp from the air (6972523516)
South Sudan-Transport-Train Sudan towards Wau
Transport
Train Sudan towards Wau
South Sudan-Transport-SPAF Mi17 helicopters at Juba Airport January 2011
Transport
SPAF Mi17 helicopters at Juba Airport January 2011
South Sudan-Oil-Sudan Map Oelgas
Oil
Sudan Map Oelgas
South Sudan-Culture-South Sudan 012
Culture
South Sudan 012
South Sudan-Economy-Loka west teak
Economy
Loka west teak
South Sudan-Games and sports-Luol Deng Wizards
Games and sports
Luol Deng Wizards
South Sudan-Religion-Romic
Religion
Romic
South Sudan-2008 census-South Sudan 034
2008 census
South Sudan 034
South Sudan-2008 census-Village in South Sudan
2008 census
Village in South Sudan
South Sudan-Urbanization-USAID-funded Southern Sudan Interactive Radio Instruction project
Urbanization
USAID-funded Southern Sudan Interactive Radio Instruction project
South Sudan-Urbanization-John Garang Mausoleum Square in Juba
Urbanization
John Garang Mausoleum Square in Juba
South Sudan-Urbanization-Children in Yambio, Western Equatoria, South Sudan (28 05 2009)
Urbanization
Children in Yambio, Western Equatoria, South Sudan (28 05 2009)
South Sudan-Climate-South Sudan map of Köppen climate classification
Climate
South Sudan map of Köppen climate classification
South Sudan-Geography-South Sudan sat
Geography
South Sudan sat
South Sudan-Geography-South Sudan-CIA WFB Map
Geography
South Sudan-CIA WFB Map
South Sudan-Foreign relations-Secretary Kerry Meets With South Sudan President Kiir (3)
Foreign relations
Secretary Kerry Meets With South Sudan President Kiir (3)
South Sudan-2017–present-South Sudan-32 States
2017–present
South Sudan-32 States
South Sudan-2011–15-SouthSudanStates
2011–15
SouthSudanStates
South Sudan-Government-South Sudan Independence
Government
South Sudan Independence
1 2 3 4 5 6 

Airport

Facebook

 mapnall@gmail.com