Map - São Tomé and Príncipe (Sao Tome and Principe)

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São Tomé and Príncipe (Sao Tome and Principe)

São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is an island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, about 140 km apart and about 250 and 225 km off the northwestern coast of Gabon, respectively.

The islands were uninhabited until their discovery by Portuguese explorers in the 15th century. Gradually colonised and settled by the Portuguese throughout the 16th century, they collectively served as a vital commercial and trade center for the Atlantic slave trade. The rich volcanic soil and close proximity to the Equator made São Tomé and Príncipe ideal for sugar cultivation, followed later by cash crops such as coffee and cocoa; the lucrative plantation economy was heavily dependent upon imported African slaves. Cycles of social unrest and economic instability throughout the 19th and 20th centuries culminated in peaceful independence in 1975. São Tomé and Príncipe has since remained one of Africa's most stable and democratic countries.

With a population of 199,910 (2016 estimate), São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African sovereign state after Seychelles, as well as the smallest Portuguese-speaking country. Its people are predominantly of African and mestiço descent, with most practising Roman Catholicism. The legacy of Portuguese rule is also visible in the country's culture, customs, and music, which fuse European and African influences. São Tomé and Príncipe is a founding member state of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP).

 

Map - São Tomé and Príncipe (Sao Tome and Principe)

Latitude / Longitude : 1° 0' 0" N / 7° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+0 | Currency : STD | Telephone : 239  

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Photograph

São Tomé and Príncipe-Demographics-Traditional Dancers (20737426328)
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Traditional Dancers (20737426328)
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São Tomé and Príncipe-Economy-Airside View of the Terminal Building - São Tomé International Airport
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Airside View of the Terminal Building - São Tomé International Airport
São Tomé and Príncipe-Economy-In the city center, the new marketplace bustles with activity.
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In the city center, the new marketplace bustles with activity.
São Tomé and Príncipe-Economy-Sao Tome 9 (16061450608)
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Sao Tome 9 (16061450608)
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São Tomé and Príncipe-Geography-São Tomé - Pico Cão Grande
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São Tomé - Pico Cão Grande
São Tomé and Príncipe-Economy-Fresh Cacao from São Tomé & Príncipe (4859837584)
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Fresh Cacao from São Tomé & Príncipe (4859837584)
São Tomé and Príncipe-Geography-S. Tomé 1 023 (2269889386)
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São Tomé and Príncipe-Politics-US Navy 080123-N-4044H-052 Chief Hospital Corpsman Chris Maurer demonstrates to Sao Tomain military personnel the procedure for inserting an intravenous drip into a person's vein
Politics
US Navy 080123-N-4044H-052 Chief Hospital Corpsman Chris Maurer demonstrates to Sao Tomain military ...
São Tomé and Príncipe-Politics-Sao Tome Presidential Palace 2 (16061650430)
Politics
Sao Tome Presidential Palace 2 (16061650430)
São Tomé and Príncipe-Independence (1975)-Sao Tome Cathedral 7 (16223085806)
Independence (1975)
Sao Tome Cathedral 7 (16223085806)
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Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe
Forte de S%C3%A3o Sebasti%C3%A3o - S%C3%A3o Tom%C3%A9 (8084256064)
São Tomé and Príncipe-Discovery-Johannes Vingboons - 't eylant St. Thome (1665)
Discovery
Johannes Vingboons - 't eylant St. Thome (1665)
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Religion
Pico Papagaio (20504263334)
São Tomé and Príncipe-Culture-Lagoa Azul Lighthouse, São Tomé and Príncipe - 20070804
Culture
Lagoa Azul Lighthouse, São Tomé and Príncipe - 20070804
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