Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho) is an enclaved country within the border of South Africa. It is just over 30000 km² in size and has a population of around million. Its capital and largest city is Maseru.
Lesotho was previously the British Crown Colony of Basutoland, but it declared independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966. It is now a fully sovereign state that is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The name Lesotho roughly translates to "the land of the people who speak Sesotho".