Map - Kaunas

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Kaunas

Kaunas (also see other names ) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life. Kaunas was the biggest city and the centre of a county in Trakai Municipality of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since 1413. In the Russian Empire, it was the capital of the Kaunas Governorate from 1843 to 1915.

During the interwar period, it served as the temporary capital of Lithuania, when Vilnius was part of Poland between 1920 and 1939. During that period Kaunas was celebrated for its rich cultural and academic life, fashion, construction of countless Art Deco and Lithuanian National Romanticism architectural-style buildings as well as popular furniture, the interior design of the time, and a widespread café culture. The city interwar architecture is regarded as among the finest examples of European Art Deco and has received the European Heritage Label. It contributed to Kaunas being named as the first city in Central and Eastern Europe to be designated as a UNESCO City of Design. Kaunas has been selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2022, together with Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.

The city is the capital of Kaunas County, and the seat of the Kaunas city municipality and the Kaunas District Municipality. It is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaunas. Kaunas is located at the confluence of the two largest Lithuanian rivers, the Nemunas and the Neris, and is near the Kaunas Reservoir, the largest body of water in the whole of Lithuania.

 

Map - Kaunas

Latitude / Longitude : 54° 54' 0" N / 23° 54' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+2:0 / UTC+3 | Currency : LTL | Telephone : 370  

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Esri.WorldImagery
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Esri.WorldStreetMap
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OpenStreetMap.Mapnik
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OpenStreetMap.HOT
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OpenTopoMap
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CartoDB.Positron
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Esri.WorldTopoMap
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Stamen.TonerLite

Photograph

Kaunas-Soviet occupation and the June Uprising-LAF fighters leads the arrested Commissar of the Red Army
Soviet occupation and the June Uprising
LAF fighters leads the arrested Commissar of the Red Army
Kaunas-Soviet occupation and the June Uprising-Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1984-102-25A, Kaunas, Litauische Aktivisten
Soviet occupation and the June Uprising
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1984-102-25A, Kaunas, Litauische Aktivisten
Kaunas-Soviet occupation and the June Uprising-LAF rebels inspects the deprived Soviet T-38 tank
Soviet occupation and the June Uprising
LAF rebels inspects the deprived Soviet T-38 tank
Kaunas-Soviet occupation and the June Uprising-Session of the Provisional Government of Lithuania
Soviet occupation and the June Uprising
Session of the Provisional Government of Lithuania
Kaunas-Nazi occupation-Wehrmacht in Liberty Avenue, Kaunas
Nazi occupation
Wehrmacht in Liberty Avenue, Kaunas
Kaunas-Nazi occupation-Kaunas KZ IX. Fort Memorial 09
Nazi occupation
Kaunas KZ IX. Fort Memorial 09
Kaunas-Jewish community of Kaunas-Lithuania Kaunas Synagogue
Jewish community of Kaunas
Lithuania Kaunas Synagogue
Kaunas-Jewish community of Kaunas-Japonistikos centras
Jewish community of Kaunas
Japonistikos centras
Kaunas-Soviet administration-Muzikinis teatras 2006-06-10
Soviet administration
Muzikinis teatras 2006-06-10
Kaunas-Soviet administration-Unity Square in Kaunas (2018)
Soviet administration
Unity Square in Kaunas (2018)
Kaunas-Soviet administration-Vytauto Didžiojo karo muziejus (aut. A. Užbalis)
Soviet administration
Vytauto Didžiojo karo muziejus (aut. A. Užbalis)
Kaunas-Restored independence-Street Scene along Vilniaus Gatve - Kaunas - Lithuania - 02 (27348366783)
Restored independence
Street Scene along Vilniaus Gatve - Kaunas - Lithuania - 02 (27348366783)
Kaunas-Geography-Oak forest park
Geography
Oak forest park
Kaunas-Religion-Church of St Francis Xavier and Kaunas Town Hall (2017)
Religion
Church of St Francis Xavier and Kaunas Town Hall (2017)
Kaunas-Culture-M. K. Ciurlionis National Art Museum (2018)
Culture
M. K. Ciurlionis National Art Museum (2018)
Kaunas-Culture-Zaliakalnio funikulierius 2006-06-17
Culture
Zaliakalnio funikulierius 2006-06-17
Kaunas-Museums-The Man (Žmogus) sculpture in Kaunas
Museums
The Man (Žmogus) sculpture in Kaunas
Kaunas-Museums-Lithuanian Aviation Museum
Museums
Lithuanian Aviation Museum
Kaunas-Theaters-Kaunas National Philharmonic Society
Theaters
Kaunas National Philharmonic Society
Kaunas-Parks, Leisure, and Cemeteries-Jiesios piliakalnis 2007-06-09
Parks, Leisure, and Cemeteries
Jiesios piliakalnis 2007-06-09
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Country - Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (1918–1919)

Flag of Lithuania
The Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (LSSR) was a short-lived Soviet republic declared on December 16, 1918, by a provisional revolutionary government led by Vincas Mickevičius-Kapsukas. It ceased to exist on February 27, 1919, when it was merged with the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia to form the Lithuanian–Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Litbel). While efforts were made to represent the LSSR as a product of a socialist revolution supported by local residents, it was largely a Moscow-orchestrated entity created to justify the Lithuanian–Soviet War. As a Soviet historian, adhering to official propaganda, put it: "The fact that the Government of Soviet Russia recognized a young Soviet Lithuanian Republic unmasked the lie of the USA and British imperialists that Soviet Russia allegedly sought rapacious aims with regard to the Baltic countries." Lithuanians generally did not support Soviet causes and rallied for their own national state, declared independent on February 16, 1918, by the Council of Lithuania.

Germany had lost World War I and signed the Compiègne Armistice on November 11, 1918. Its military forces then started retreating from the former Ober Ost territories. Two days later, the government of the Soviet Russia renounced the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which had assured Lithuania's independence. Soviet forces then launched a westward offensive against Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine in an effort to spread the global proletarian revolution and replace national independence movements with Soviet republics. Their forces followed retreating German troops and reached Lithuania by the end of December 1918.
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