Map - Greece (Hellenic Republic)

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Greece (Hellenic Republic)

Flag of Greece
Greece (Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), self-identified and historically known as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a country located in Southern and Southeast Europe, with a population of approximately million as of. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.

Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13676 km in length, featuring a large number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2918 m. The country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands.

Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, Western drama and notably the Olympic Games. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as poleis (singular polis), which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea. Philip of Macedon united most of the Greek mainland in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great rapidly conquering much of the ancient world, from the eastern Mediterranean to India. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire, in which Greek language and culture were dominant. Rooted in the first century A.D., the Greek Orthodox Church helped shape modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World. Falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, the modern nation state of Greece emerged in 1830 following a war of independence. Greece's rich historical legacy is reflected by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The sovereign state of Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, and a very high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities (precursor to the European Union) and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001. It is also a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF). Greece's unique cultural heritage, large tourism industry, prominent shipping sector and geostrategic importance classify it as a middle power. It is the largest economy in the Balkans, where it is an important regional investor.

The names for the nation of Greece and the Greek people differ from the names used in other languages, locations and cultures. The Greek name of the country is Hellas or Ellada (Ελλάς or Ελλάδα; in polytonic: Ἑλλάς or Ἑλλάδα ' ), and its official name is the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία ' ). In English, however, the country is usually called Greece, which comes from Latin Graecia (as used by the Romans) and literally means 'the land of the Greeks'.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
EUR Euro 2
ISO Language
EN English language
FR French language
EL Greek language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Greece (Hellenic Republic)

Latitude / Longitude : 39° 0' 0" N / 22° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+2:0 / UTC+3 | Currency : EUR | Telephone : 30  

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Photograph

Greece-Prehistory and early history-Entrance to the treasure of Atreus
Prehistory and early history
Entrance to the treasure of Atreus
Greece-Prehistory and early history-Herodotus Massimo Inv124478
Prehistory and early history
Herodotus Massimo Inv124478
Greece-Prehistory and early history-Minoan fresco depicting a bull leaping scene, found in Knossos, 1600-1400 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete (30547636456)
Prehistory and early history
Minoan fresco depicting a bull leaping scene, found in Knossos, 1600-1400 BC, Heraklion Archaeologic...
Greece-Archaic and Classical period-Greek Colonization Archaic Period
Archaic and Classical period
Greek Colonization Archaic Period
Greece-Archaic and Classical period-The Parthenon in Athens
Archaic and Classical period
The Parthenon in Athens
Greece-Archaic and Classical period-Napoli BW 2013-05-16 16-24-01
Archaic and Classical period
Napoli BW 2013-05-16 16-24-01
Greece-Archaic and Classical period-MacedonEmpire
Archaic and Classical period
MacedonEmpire
Greece-Hellenistic and Roman periods (323 BC  4th century AD)-0142 - Archaeological Museum, Athens - Antikythera mechanism - Photo by Giovanni Dall'Orto, Nov 11 2009
Hellenistic and Roman periods (323 BC ...
0142 - Archaeological Museum, Athens - Antikythera mechanism - Photo by Giovanni Dall'Orto, Nov 11 2...
Greece-Hellenistic and Roman periods (323 BC  4th century AD)-Facade of Philip II tomb Vergina Greece
Hellenistic and Roman periods (323 BC ...
Facade of Philip II tomb Vergina Greece
Greece-Hellenistic and Roman periods (323 BC  4th century AD)-Athen Odeon Herodes Atticus BW 2017-10-09 13-12-44
Hellenistic and Roman periods (323 BC ...
Athen Odeon Herodes Atticus BW 2017-10-09 13-12-44
Greece-Medieval period (4th15th century)-Hagia Sophia Dome
Medieval period (4th15th century)
Hagia Sophia Dome
Greece-Medieval period (4th15th century)-Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes (9451928431)
Medieval period (4th15th century)
Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes (9451928431)
Greece-Medieval period (4th15th century)-Map Byzantine Empire 1025-en
Medieval period (4th15th century)
Map Byzantine Empire 1025-en
Greece-Venetian possessions and Ottoman rule (15th century  1821)-Angelokastro (Corfu)
Venetian possessions and Ottoman rule (1...
Angelokastro (Corfu)
Greece-Venetian possessions and Ottoman rule (15th century  1821)-White Tower and Beach front
Venetian possessions and Ottoman rule (1...
White Tower and Beach front
Greece-Greek War of Independence (18211832)-The sortie of Messologhi by Theodore Vryzakis
Greek War of Independence (18211832)
The sortie of Messologhi by Theodore Vryzakis
Greece-Greek War of Independence (18211832)-Naval Battle of Navarino by Garneray
Greek War of Independence (18211832)
Naval Battle of Navarino by Garneray
Greece-Kingdom of Greece-Peter von Hess - The Entry of King Othon of Greece in Athens - WGA11387
Kingdom of Greece
Peter von Hess - The Entry of King Othon of Greece in Athens - WGA11387
Greece-Kingdom of Greece-Map Greece expansion 1832-1947-en
Kingdom of Greece
Map Greece expansion 1832-1947-en
Greece-Expansion, disaster, and reconstruction-Greek Parade Paris 1919
Expansion, disaster, and reconstruction
Greek Parade Paris 1919
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