Map - Central African Republic

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Central African Republic

Flag of the Central African Republic
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique ) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 km2 and had an estimated population of around million.

Most of the CAR consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas, but the country also includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south. Two thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin (which flows into the Congo), while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari, which flows into Lake Chad.

What is today the Central African Republic has been inhabited for millennia; however, the country's current borders were established by France, which ruled the country as a colony starting in the late 19th century. After gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic was ruled by a series of autocratic leaders, including an abortive attempt at a monarchy; by the 1990s, calls for democracy led to the first multi-party democratic elections in 1993. Ange-Félix Patassé became president, but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 coup. The Central African Republic Bush War began in 2004 and, despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011, fighting broke out between various factions in December 2012, leading to ethnic and religious cleansing of the Muslim minority and massive population displacement in 2013 and 2014.

Despite its significant mineral deposits and other resources, such as uranium reserves, crude oil, gold, diamonds, cobalt, lumber, and hydropower, as well as significant quantities of arable land, the Central African Republic is among the ten poorest countries in the world, with the lowest GDP per capita at purchasing power parity in the world as of 2017. , according to the Human Development Index (HDI), the country had the lowest level of human development, ranking 188th out of 188 countries. It is also estimated to be the unhealthiest country as well as the worst country in which to be young. The Central African Republic is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the Non-Aligned Movement.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
XAF Central African CFA franc Fr 0
ISO Language
FR French language
KG Kongo language
LN Lingala language
SG Sango language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Central African Republic

Latitude / Longitude : 7° 0' 0" N / 21° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+1 | Currency : XAF | Telephone : 236  

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Language

Central African Republic (English)  Repubblica Centrafricana (Italiano)  Centraal-Afrikaanse Republiek (Nederlands)  République centrafricaine (Français)  Zentralafrikanische Republik (Deutsch)  República Centro-Africana (Português)  Центральноафриканская Республика (Русский)  República Centroafricana (Español)  Republika Środkowoafrykańska (Polski)  中非共和國 (中文)  Centralafrikanska republiken (Svenska)  Republica Centrafricană (Română)  中央アフリカ共和国 (日本語)  Центральноафриканська Республіка (Українська)  Централноафриканска република (Български)  중앙아프리카 공화국 (한국어)  Keski-Afrikan tasavalta (Suomi)  Republik Afrika Tengah (Bahasa Indonesia)  Centrinės Afrikos Respublika (Lietuvių)  Centralafrikanske Republik (Dansk)  Středoafrická republika (Česky)  Orta Afrika Cumhuriyeti (Türkçe)  Централноафричка Република (Српски / Srpski)  Kesk-Aafrika Vabariik (Eesti)  Stredoafrická republika (Slovenčina)  Közép-afrikai Köztársaság (Magyar)  Srednjoafrička Republika (Hrvatski)  สาธารณรัฐแอฟริกากลาง (ไทย)  Srednjeafriška republika (Slovenščina)  Centrālāfrikas Republika (Latviešu)  Κεντροαφρικανική Δημοκρατία (Ελληνικά)  Cộng hòa Trung Phi (Tiếng Việt) 

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