Map - Córdoba, Córdoba Province (Córdoba)

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Córdoba (Córdoba)

Córdoba is a city in the geographic center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about 700 km northwest of the Buenos Aires. It is the capital of Córdoba Province and the second most populous city in Argentina after Buenos Aires, with about 1,330,023 inhabitants according to the 2010 census. It was founded on 6 July 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, who named it after Córdoba, Spain. It was one of the first Spanish colonial capitals of the region that is now Argentina (the oldest city is Santiago del Estero, founded in 1553). The National University of Córdoba is the oldest university of the country and the seventh to be inaugurated in Spanish America. It was founded in 1613 by the Jesuit Order. Because of this, Córdoba earned the nickname La Docta ("the learned").

Córdoba has many historical monuments preserved from Spanish colonial rule, especially buildings of the Roman Catholic Church. The most recognizable is perhaps the Jesuit Block (Spanish: Manzana Jesuítica), declared in 2000 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO which consists of a group of buildings dating from the 17th century, including the Colegio Nacional de Monserrat and the colonial university campus. The campus belongs today to the historical museum of the National University of Córdoba, which has been the second-largest university in the country since the early 20th century (after the University of Buenos Aires), in terms of the number of students, faculty, and academic programs. Córdoba is also known for its historical movements, such as Cordobazo and La Reforma del '18 (known as University Revolution in English).

 

Map - Córdoba (Córdoba)

Latitude / Longitude : 31° 24' 49" S / 64° 10' 52" W | Time zone : UTC+-3 | Currency : ARS | Telephone : 54  

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Photograph

Córdoba, Córdoba Province-First settlement-Primera traza de Córdoba
First settlement
Primera traza de Córdoba
Córdoba, Córdoba Province--Estatua de Cabrera, detalle

Estatua de Cabrera, detalle
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Contemporary history-Mapa relieve cordoba argentina
Contemporary history
Mapa relieve cordoba argentina
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Early European settlement-Rafael de Sobremonte
Early European settlement
Rafael de Sobremonte
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Contemporary history-Avenida Colón de Córdoba (Argentina) años 1900
Contemporary history
Avenida Colón de Córdoba (Argentina) años 1900
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Contemporary history-Avenida Olmos, Córdoba (1943)
Contemporary history
Avenida Olmos, Córdoba (1943)
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Geography-Location of Cordoba City Argentina
Geography
Location of Cordoba City Argentina
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Urban structure-Area segun uso del suelo cordoba argentina
Urban structure
Area segun uso del suelo cordoba argentina
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Districts-Puente parque de las tejas
Districts
Puente parque de las tejas
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Railway-Entrada de la Estación Córdoba
Railway
Entrada de la Estación Córdoba
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Railway-Estación Cassaffousth
Railway
Estación Cassaffousth
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Monuments-Catedral de Córdoba, Argentina 3
Monuments
Catedral de Córdoba, Argentina 3
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Monuments-La Cañada de Córdoba 2009-11-24
Monuments
La Cañada de Córdoba 2009-11-24
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Education-Universidades en Córdoba (Argentina) 2010
Education
Universidades en Córdoba (Argentina) 2010
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Railway-Mapa subte Córdoba
Railway
Mapa subte Córdoba
Córdoba, Córdoba Province-Economy-Cordoba Patio Olmos
Economy
Cordoba Patio Olmos
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
Córdoba, Córdoba Province
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Country - Argentina

Flag of Argentina
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (undefined), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2780400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation. The sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century.
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