Map - Botswana (Republic of Botswana)

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Botswana (Republic of Botswana)

Flag of Botswana
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. Since then, they maintain a tradition of stable representative republic, with a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic elections and the best perceived corruption ranking in Africa since at least 1998. It is currently Africa's oldest continuous democracy.

Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula is poorly defined but is, at most, a few hundred metres long.

A mid-sized country of just over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Around 10 percent of the population lives in the capital and largest city, Gaborone. Formerly one of the poorest countries in the world—with a GDP per capita of about US$70 per year in the late 1960s—Botswana has since transformed itself into one of the world's fastest-growing economies. The economy is dominated by mining, cattle, and tourism. Botswana boasts a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about $18,825 per year, which is one of the highest in Africa. Its high gross national income (by some estimates the fourth-largest in Africa) gives the country a relatively high standard of living and the highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan Africa.

Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations. The country has been among the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite the success in programmes to make treatments available to those infected, and to educate the populace in general about how to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS, the number of people with AIDS rose from 290,000 in 2005 to 320,000 in 2013. , Botswana has the third-highest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, with roughly 20% of the population infected.

The country's name means "land of the tswana", referring to the dominant ethnic group in Botswana. The term Batswana was originally applied to the Tswana, which is still the case. However, it has also come to be used generally as a demonym for all citizens of Botswana. Many English dictionaries also recommend the term Botswanan to refer to people of Botswana.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
BWP Botswana pula P 2
ISO Language
EN English language
TN Tswana language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Botswana (Republic of Botswana)

Latitude / Longitude : 22° 0' 0" S / 24° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+2 | Currency : BWP | Telephone : 267  

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Photograph

Botswana-General-Gaborone Private Hospital GPH
General
Gaborone Private Hospital GPH
Botswana-Transportation, energy and infrastructure-Francistown Thapama Interchange
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Francistown Thapama Interchange
Botswana-Transportation, energy and infrastructure-BR Express linking Gaborone & Francistown
Transportation, energy and infrastructur...
BR Express linking Gaborone & Francistown
Botswana-Science and technology-Botswana International University of Science & Technology
Science and technology
Botswana International University of Science & Technology
Botswana-Science and technology-Botswana Innovation Hub Under Construction in Gaborone
Science and technology
Botswana Innovation Hub Under Construction in Gaborone
Botswana-Education-Mmadinare Senior Secondary School in Mmadinare Village
Education
Mmadinare Senior Secondary School in Mmadinare Village
Botswana-Education-University of Botswana Teaching Hospital, Gaborone
Education
University of Botswana Teaching Hospital, Gaborone
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Education
University of Botswana, Gaborone
Botswana-Sports-Francistown Stadium
Sports
Francistown Stadium
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Food
Boerewors raw
Botswana-Culture-Khutse Kalahari Lodge
Culture
Khutse Kalahari Lodge
Botswana-Visual arts-Batswana Baskets
Visual arts
Batswana Baskets
Botswana-Religions-Southern Accord 2012 Forces Experience Cultural Day in Botswana (7745454444)
Religions
Southern Accord 2012 Forces Experience Cultural Day in Botswana (7745454444)
Botswana-Demographics-Bevölkerungspyramide Botswana 2016
Demographics
Bevölkerungspyramide Botswana 2016
Botswana-Demographics-A young Motswana Girl
Demographics
A young Motswana Girl
Botswana-Gemstones and precious metals-Debswana Complex Gaborone
Gemstones and precious metals
Debswana Complex Gaborone
Botswana-Economy-GDP per capita (current), % of world average, 1960-2012; Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique
Economy
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