Bo also commonly referred to as Bo Town, is the second largest city in Sierra Leone (after Freetown) and the largest city in the Southern Province. The city serves as the capital and administrative center of Bo District. Bo is a major urban center, and lies approximately south-east of Freetown. After Freetown, Bo is the leading financial, educational, commercial and urban center of Sierra Leone.
The city of Bo is one of Sierra Leone's six municipalities and is locally governed by a directly elected Bo City Council, headed by a mayor. The municipality of Bo had a population of 149,957 in the 2004 census, a 2010 estimate of 215,474, and current estimates of approximately 300,000.
The city is the primary home of Njala University, the second largest university in Sierra Leone, after the Fourah Bay College. Bo is also home to the Bo Government Secondary School, commonly known as Bo School, which is one of the biggest and most prominent secondary schools in West Africa. The school has a history of producing some of Sierra Leone's most gifted students.
Bo is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in Sierra Leone. The city is home to a significant population of many of Sierra Leone's ethnic groups, although it is the principle home of the Mende people. The Krio language is the most widely spoken language in Bo and is used as the primary language of communication in the city. The city's population is religiously diverse among Muslims and Christians.
The city of Bo is one of Sierra Leone's six municipalities and is governed by a directly elected city council, headed by a mayor. Like in most parts of the Southern Province, the majority of the residents in Bo vote for the Sierra Leone People's Party in presidential, parliamentary and local councils elections.
As with the rest of Sierra Leone, football is by far the most popular sport in Bo. The Bo Rangers Football Club is the professional football club that represents the city in the Sierra Leone National Premier League. The club is overwhelmingly popular in Bo. Bo has several clubs in the lower divisions of the Sierra Leone football league, including the Nepean Stars and Kakua Rangers F.C..